Table 3

Dietary Recommendations and Mean Intakes of Selected Vitamins and Minerals

Recommendation a

National Data b

Intake c




4–8 yr

9–13 yr

6–9 yr

Age 5

Age 7

Age 9


Vitamin A (μg RAE)

400

600

796

630.6 ± 335.7

650.1 ± 247.7

696.7 ± 282.2

Vitamin C (mg)

25

45

96

76.6 ± 48.9

73.9 ± 39.2

73.7 ± 41.4

Vitamin E (mg)

7

11

6.2

5.4 ± 2.1

5.1 ± 1.9

6.1 ± 2.0 δ

Folate (μg)

200

300

249

185.7 ± 67.5

203.7 ± 67.1 δ

317.9 ± 89.7 ψ

Vitamin D (μg)

5.0

5.0

N/A

5.3 ± 2.6

5.3 ± 2.3

5.2 ± 2.6

Vitamin B6 (mg)

0.6

1.0

1.5

1.3 ± 0.4

1.4 ± 0.4 δ

1.5 ± 0.5 δ

Vitamin B12 (μg)

1.2

1.8

3.9

3.0 ± 2.0

3.2 ± 1.8 ‡δ

3.9 ± 4.4 δ

Calcium (mg)

800

1300

850

832.6 ± 332.5

864.1 ± 295.9 ‡δ

909.2 ± 302.9 δ

Phosphorus (mg)

500

1250

1106

992.6 ± 303.4

1055.1 ± 276.9 δ

1104.8 ± 281.4ψ

Magnesium (mg)

130

240

215

193.0 ± 59.5

204.1 ± 55.0 δ

215.3 ± 51.8 ψ

Iron (mg)

10

8

13.6

10.7 ± 3.8

11.7 ± 3.6 δ

12.5 ± 3.8 ψ

Zinc (mg)

5

8

9.4

7.8 ± 2.5

8.6 ± 2.6 δ

8.9 ± 2.6 δ

Sodium (mg)

N/A

N/A

2764

2237.4 ± 667.3

2560.2 ± 662.7 δ

2768.6 ± 661.1ψ


a Recommendations based on the DRIs for children aged 4–8 and girls aged 9–13 [13-15,17]. AI values listed for vitamin D and calcium; other nutrients listed as RDAs. b USDA Food and Nutrient Intakes by Children; data shown is for females aged 6–9 years [20]. Vitamin A is presented as the retinal equivalent (RE) value. c Mean ± SD; values with different symbols are significantly different at p < 0.0001, except for calcium at p < 0.01, and vitamin B12 at p < 0.05.

Mannino et al. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2004 1:5   doi:10.1186/1479-5868-1-5

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