Table 2

Child and family characteristics of fussy and non-fussy eaters
Fussy eaters Non-fussy eaters
Child characteristics N for analysis N (%) fussy eaters Mean (SEM) Mean (SEM) t df p
Gestational age at birth (weeks) 4896 275 (5.6) 39.92 (0.11) 39.84 (0.03) -0.75 4894 .45
Birth weight (g) 4909 276 (5.6) 3374 (34.2) 3446 (8.3) 2.03 4907 .04
BMI child around 4 y 3117 181 (5.8) 15.45 (0.09) 15.84 (0.03) 3.82 3115 <.01
BMI (SDS) child around 4 y1 3117 181 (5.8) -0.18 (0.07) 0.10 (0.02) 3.90 3115 <.01
% % Χ2 df p
Sex Girl 4914 277 (5.6) 43.3 50.4 5.27 1 .02
Birth weight Low (<= 2500 g) 4909 276 (5.6) 5.1 4.9 0.01 1 .91
Child ethnicity Non-Western 4875 270 (5.5) 31.5 24.0 7.85 1 .01
Firstborn Yes 4914 277 (5.6) 53.8 56.9 1.04 1 .31
Only child at 4 years Yes 4832 271 (5.6) 23.2 21.5 0.48 1 .49
Daycare attendance at 3 years No 4332 241 (5.6) 7.1 6.0 2.34 2 .31
Yes, < 8 h/week 19.9 16.7
Yes, ≥ 8 h/week 73.0 77.3
Weight status 4 years2 Underweight 3117 181 (5.8) 19.3 12.3 8.02 2 .02
Normal weight 73.5 78.6
Overweight/obese 7.2 9.1
Family characteristics Mean (SEM) Mean (SEM) t df p
Age mother at intake (years) 4914 277 (5.6) 30.82 (.28) 31.55 (.07) 2.55 4912 .01
Maternal feeding behavior Monitoring, z-score 4862 274 (5.6) -.24 (.06) .02 (.02) 3.51 295.81 <.01
Restricting, z-score 4862 274 (5.6) -.008 (.06) -.002 (.02) 0.19 302.04 .85
Pressuring, z-score 4862 274 (5.6) .77 (.06) -.04 (.01) -18.00 340.17 <.01
BMI mother before pregnancy 3703 207 (5.6) 23.11 (3.5) 23.31 (3.9) 0.70 3701 .49
BMI partner at intake 3634 186 (5.1) 25.17 (3.4) 25.18 (3.3) 0.03 3632 .97
% % Χ2 df p
No. of overweight parents (BMI > 25) 1 4255 235 (5.5) 44.3 42.4 0.85 2 .66
2 8.1 9.8
At least 1 underweight parent (BMI <18.5) 4910 277 (5.6) 3.6 3.0 0.38 1 .54
Marital status Single 4677 255 (5.5) 8.6 7.9 0.19 1 .66
Family income (€/month) < 2200 4081 224 (5.5) 42.0 31.8 9.97 1 <.01
Educational level mother Less than college 4704 253 (5.4) 54.5 41.4 17.07 1 <.01
Smoking during pregnancy Yes 4413 242 (5.5) 24.4 21.2 1.36 1 .24

Note: results from independent sample t-tests (continuous variables) and chi-square tests (categorical variables). SEM = standard error of mean. N = number of observations, df = degrees of freedom, t = t-value, Χ2 = Chi-square-value, p = probability for two-sided tests. SDS BMI is standardized to the Dutch population, z-scores are standardized to the population for analysis. 1[25,26]2[27,28].

Tharner et al.

Tharner et al. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2014 11:14   doi:10.1186/1479-5868-11-14

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