Table 1

General characteristics of the study population according to physical activity
Variables Inactive (n = 7737, 54.4%) Active (n = 4537, 31.9%) Highly active (n = 1953, 13.7%) p value
Age (years) 40.0 ± 15 40.0 ± 14 39 ± 13 <0.001
Male n (%) 3228 (41.7) 2645 (58.3) 1198 (61.3) <0.001
Body mass index (kg/m2) 22.2 ± 4.5 21.2 ± 4.0 20.7 ± 3.8 <0.001
Waist circumference (cms)
Male 81.6 ± 12.1 78.5 ± 11.6 77.5 ± 10.7 <0.001
Female 74.3 ± 12.4 72.6 ± 11.7 70.0 ± 10.7 <0.001
Systolic BP (mm Hg) 128.0 ± 19.0 127.0 ± 18.0 126 ± 17.0 <0.001
Diastolic BP (mm Hg) 78.0 ± 11.0 77.0 ± 11.0 77.0 ± 11.0 0.003
Pulse rate 79.0 ± 11.0 77.0 ± 11.0 76.0 ± 11.0 <0.001
Alcohol n (%) 1144 (14.8) 1078 (23.8) 535 (27.4) <0.001
Smoking n (%) 999 (12.9 ) 739 (16.3) 386 (19.8) <0.001
Income n (%)
Below median 2977 (42.0) 2770 (55.6) 1143 (62.7) <0.001
Above median 4118 (58.0) 1813 (44.4) 679 (37.3)
Education n (%)
Illiterate 2213 (28.6) 1546 (34.1) 763 (39.1) <0.001
Schooling 4736 (61.2) 2699 (59.5) 1116 (57.1)
Under Graduates 683 (8.8) 251 (5.5) 68 (3.5)
Post Graduates 99 (1.3) 37 (0.8) 5 (0.3)
Socio Economic status n (%)
Lower 859 (11.2) 754 (16.8) 422 (21.9) <0.001
Middle 2035 (26.5) 1570 (35.0) 748 (38.8)
Upper 4778 (62.3) 2166 (48.2) 758 (39.3)
Lipid profile (n = 2581) (n = 1472) (n = 784) (n = 325)
Total cholesterol (mg/dl) 167.0 ± 39.0 154.0 ± 42.0 151 ± 36.0 <0.001
Triglycerides (mg/dl)# 152.0 ± 2.9 140.0 ± 4.0 135.0 ± 4.7 <0.001
HDL-cholesterol (mg/dl)
Male (n = 1374) 37.0 ± 11.0 36.0 ± 11.0 37.0 ± 13.0 0.571
Female (n = 1207) 42.0 ± 12.0 39.0 ± 10.0 41.0 ± 13.0 0.179
Cholesterol/HDL ratio 4.6 ± 2.5 4.4 ± 2.4 4.2 ± 1.5 <0.001

#Geometric mean ± SE; Median income = Rs.3000/month.

Anjana et al.

Anjana et al. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2014 11:26   doi:10.1186/1479-5868-11-26

Open Data