Table 3

Time and interaction effects for LPA, MPA, VPA, total PA, and MVPA in preschoolers from low SES, medium SES and high SES kindergartens (adjusted for sex and age)
Low SES n = 169 (I = 102, C = 67) Medium SES n = 149 (I = 104 , C = 45) High SES n = 154 (I = 95, C = 59)
PRE (%) POST (%) Time Time * condition PRE (%) POST (%) Time Time * condition PRE (%) POST (%) Time Time * condition
ß ß ß ß ß ß
LPA
Day I 47.0 46.4 −0.04 −0.52 48.9 47.0 −3.00*** 1.08 46.7 46.4 0.08 −0.38
C 45.5 45.4 49.2 46.2 45.7 45.8
Weekday I 48.0 47.0 −0.13 −0.95 48.8 47.8 −3.33*** 2.35** 46.9 45.9 −1.09 0.04
C 46.5 46.4 49.6 46.3 46.4 45.3
Weekend day I 44.8 45.3 0.63 −0.10 48.1 45.6 −3.04** 0.49 46.6 47.7 1.53 −0.44
C 43.1 43.7 47.6 44.6 45.5 47.0
School hours1 I 49.6 39.6 −1.07 −1.17** 49.8 38.6 −1.25** 1.04 48.1 41.3 −1.58*** 1.36***
C 47.4 44.5 50.9 40.9 45.8 29.0
After school hours I 38.1 35.1 −3.26** 0.26 38.7 31.3 −1.98 −5.40* 39.3 35.5 −11.80*** 7.97***
C 38.2 34.9 39.0 37.1 37.2 25.4
MPA
Day2 I 5.8 6.3 0.23 0.32 5.8 6.3 1.16** −1.07 5.7 6.7 −1.01 1.21**
C 5.7 5.9 5.5 6.4 5.9 5.9
Weekday2 I 5.8 6.1 0.28 −0.01 5.6 6.1 1.20** −1.10 5.4 6.6 −1.04 1.26**
C 5.7 6.0 5.5 6.5 5.8 5.6
Weekend day3 I 5.2 5.6 1.09 −1.01 6.0 6.6 0.12 0.41 6.2 6.7 1.06 1.01
C 5.0 5.4 5.9 6.0 6.0 6.4
School hours4 I 5.9 5.8 −0.21 0.08 5.6 5.3 1.09 −1.13 5.9 6.5 −0.95** 1.64***
C 5.9 5.7 5.6 6.1 5.9 5.0
After school hours1 I 4.5 4.0 −1.14 1.03 4.3 4.1 1.11 −1.15 4.3 4.5 −1.37** 1.41**
C 4.1 3.6 4.2 4.7 4.5 3.3
VPA
Day1 I 1.6 2.1 1.14 1.14 1.6 2.0 1.33** −1.05 1.9 2.4 1.03 1.26*
C 1.8 2.0 1.5 2.1 1.9 1.9
Weekday1 I 1.4 1.8 1.09 1.12 1.4 1.9 1.54*** −1.14 1.6 2.2 −1.01 1.42**
C 1.6 1.7 1.3 2.0 1.7 1.7
Weekend day1 I 1.7 2.4 1.26* 1.09 1.6 1.9 −1.00 1.21 2.3 2.7 1.17 1.01
C 1.9 2.4 1.8 1.8 1.9 2.2
School hours1 I 1.2 1.5 1.26** 1.05 1.1 1.8 1.55*** 1.05 1.3 1.9 1.58*** −1.09
C 1.2 1.5 1.2 1.8 1.3 2.1
After school hours1 I 1.2 1.4 −1.29* 1.50** 1.1 1.9 1.38 1.25 1.3 1.4 1.05 1.04
C 1.3 1.0 1.1 1.5 1.5 1.5
Total PA
Day I 54.5 55.2 0.65 −0.004 57.1 56.1 −1.62 0.60 54.8 56.1 0.21 1.12
C 53.2 53.8 57.0 55.4 54.0 54.2
Weekday I 55.6 55.3 0.52 −0.78 56.7 56.6 −1.58 1.52 54.6 55.4 −1.28 2.08
C 54.0 54.6 57.0 55.4 54.6 53.4
Weekend day I 52.9 54.7 2.02 −0.30 56.2 54.6 −2.81 1.19 56.3 58.3 2.84* −0.76
C 51.1 53.1 56.0 53.2 54.4 57.3
School hours1 I 56.6 47.9 −1.05 −1.12** 57.3 47.9 −1.18** −1.01 55.9 50.6 −1.40*** 1.27***
C 54.6 51.8 58.6 49.7 53.6 38.2
After school hours I 45.0 42.2 −3.66* 0.91 45.7 50.7 −0.85 5.82* 46.2 43.0 −12.66*** 9.52***
C 44.9 41.2 45.6 44.7 44.6 32.0
MVPA
Day2 I 7.5 8.7 0.67* 0.53 7.4 8.4 1.20** −1.06 7.7 9.3 1.00 1.21**
C 7.8 8.4 7.1 8.6 7.9 8.0
Weekday1 I 7.0 7.5 1.05 1.02 7.1 8.1 1.27*** −1.11 7.1 8.9 −1.02 1.29**
C 7.0 7.4 6.8 8.7 7.7 7.5
Weekend day1 I 7.1 8.2 1.13 1.02 7.3 8.2 1.00 1.12 8.9 9.8 1.12 −1.01
C 7.1 8.0 7.5 7.6 8.1 9.0
School hours1 I 6.7 7.0 1.03 1.01 6.8 7.6 1.18** −1.05 6.8 8.2 1.03 1.16
C 6.6 6.8 6.9 8.2 7.0 7.2
After school hours1 I 5.7 5.8 −1.20** 1.22* 5.6 6.6 1.15 1.02 5.8 6.1 −1.15 1.22
C 5.7 5.7 5.6 6.4 6.1 5.4

*p < 0.10, **p < 0.05, ***p < 0.001.

1Variable was log-transformed for all three SES-levels.

2Variable was log-transformed for medium SES and high SES.

3Variable was log-transformed for low SES and high SES.

4Variable was log-transformed for medium SES.

LPA = Light Physical Activity; MPA = Moderate Physical Activity; VPA = Vigorous Physical Activity; Total PA = Total Physical Activity; MVPA = Moderate- to Vigorous Physical Activity; I = Intervention group; C = Control group; SES = Socio-Economic Status.

De Craemer et al.

De Craemer et al. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2014 11:38   doi:10.1186/1479-5868-11-38

Open Data