Table 1

Percentage (95% confidence interval) of population meeting the WHO recommendation for physical activity, and those categorized as having low, moderate and vigorous activity according to the GPAQ classification
N Population meeting WHO recommendation for physical activity (%) GPAQ classification
Low physical activity (%) Moderate physical activity (%) Vigorous physical activity (%)
Male (n = 175) Female (n = 465) Male (n = 175) Female (n = 465) Male (n = 175) Female (n = 465) Male (n = 175) Female (n = 465)
All 640 82.1 (77.1–87.0) 78.1 (74.6– 81.5) 38.3 (31.0– 45.5) 45.1 (40.6– 49.7) 56.5 (49.2– 63.9) 48.6 (44.0– 53.2) 5.1 (1.8– 8.4) 6.2 (4.0– 8.4)
Age (years)
45–59 189 82.9 (74.7–91.1) 70.2 (63.1–77.4) 37.3 (24.8–49.7) 49.2 (40.6–57.9) 61.0 (48.4–73.6) 46.1 (37.5–54.8) 1.7 (1.6–5.0) 4.6 (0.9–8.2)
35–44 240 82.1 (73.4–90.6) 84.6 (79.6–89.6) 38.1 (25.9–50.2) 44.0 (36.7–51.4) 53.9 (41.5–66.4) 48.6 (41.2–55.9) 7.9 (11.9–14.6) 7.3 (3.5–11.2)
25–34 211 81.1 (71.8– 90.5) 77.7 (71.7–83.6) 39.6 (26.3–52.9) 43.0 (35.3–50.8) 54.7 (41.2–68.3) 50.6 (42.8–58.5) 5.6 (0.6–11.9) 6.3 (2.5–10.1)
Ethnicity
Brahmin 232 85.9 (78.4–93.3) 67.5 (61.1–73.8) 29.2 (18.0–40.3) 49.1 (41.4–56.7) 63.1 (51.2–74.9) 43.7 (36.1–51.3) 7.6 (1.1–14.2) 7.2 (3.2–11.1)
Chhetri 170 74.5 (62.9–86.2) 82.7 (76.4–89.0) 46.6 (31.9–61.4) 49.6 (40.7–58.4) 53.3 (38.5–68.1) 44.8 (36.0–53.5) 0.0 (0.0–0.0) 5.6 (1.5–9.6)
Newar 167 86.5 (78.3–94.8) 88.2 (82.5–93.8) 33.3 (20.2–46.4) 36.2 (27.4–45.0) 62.7 (49.3–76.2) 59.5 (50.5–68.5) 3.9 (1.4–9.3) 4.3 (0.6–8.02)
Ethnic minorities* 71 72.7 (53.6–91.8) 82.2 (73.3–91.0) 71.4 (46.8–90.0) 42.1 (29.1–55.0) 14.3 (4.8–33.3) 49.1 (36.0–62.2) 14.3 (4.8–33.3) 8.8 (1.3–1.61)
Education†
High school or more 94 68.5 (55.9–81.0) 67.1 (56.0–78.2) 51.3 (34.9–67.7) 70.2 (58.2–82.8) 48.6 (32.2–65.0) 26.3 (14.7–37.8) 0.0 (0.0–0.0) 3.5 (1.3–8.3)
Secondary 165 86.4 (78.6–94.3) 77.4 (70.0–84.8) 41.6 (29.0–54.3) 46.7 (37.1–56.3) 53.3 (40.6–66.1) 47.6 (38.0–57.2) 5.0 (0.5–10.5) 5.7 (1.2–10.1)
Primary 208 87.8 (80.3–95.3) 80.8 (74.9–86.7) 23.3 (12.5–34.1) 39.8 (31.9–47.7) 68.3 (56.4–80.2) 52.0 (43.9–60.1) 8.3 (1.3–15.4) 8.1 (3.6–12.5)
Informal 173 81.5 (66.5–96.4) 80.2 (74.4–86.0) 50.0 (26.2–73.8) 40.0 (32.2–47.7) 44.4 (20.8–68.1) 54.2 (46.3–62.1) 5.5 (5.3–16.4) 58.0 (2.1–9.5)
Occupation‡
Government job 41 70.9 (54.6–87.2) 75.0 (53.0–96.9) 51.8 (32.6–71.1) 50.0 (22.7–77.2) 48.1 (28.9–67.3) 42.8 (15.9–69.8) 0.0 (0.0–0.0) 7.1 (6.8–21.1)
Nongovernment job 61 92.3 (83.8–100.0) 76.7 (61.2–92.1) 26.5 (11.4–41.5) 59.2 (40.3–78.2) 67.6 (51.6–83.6) 40.7 (21.8–59.6) 58.8 (2.1–13.9) 0.0 (0.0–0.0)
Self–employed 80 70.8 (60.2–81.4) 63.9 (47.9–79.8) 43.4 (29.9–56.9) 48.1 (28.9–67.3) 52.8 (39.2–66.4) 48.1 (28.9–67.3) 3.7 (1.4–8.9) 3.7 (3.5–10.9)
Housewife§ 341 - 79.4 (75.2–83.5) - 46.0 (40.5–51.4) - 48.1 (42.7–53.6) - 5.8 (3.2–8.3)
Agriculture 117 95.8 (90.1–100.0) 83.3 (74.9–91.6) 30.4 (16.9–43.9) 33.8 (22.7–44.9) 65.2 (51.2–79.1) 54.9 (43.2–66.6) 4.3 (1.6–10.3) 11.2 (3.8–18.6)
Smoking
Current smoker 132 80.4 (68.8–92.0) 78.2 (70.4–85.9) 33.3 (21.2–45.4) 47.2 (35.5–58.8) 61.6 (49.2–74.0) 47.2 (35.5–58.8) 5.0 (0.5–10.5) 5.5 (0.2–10.9)
Past smoker 34 73.3 (50.1–96.5) 74.3 (59.6–88.9) 35.7 (9.6–61.8) 15.0 (1.0–31.0) 64.2 (38.2–90.4) 80.0 (61.9–98.0) 0.0 (0.0–0.0) 5.0 (0.5–14.8)
Nonsmoker 474 83.3 (77.6–88.9) 78.4 (74.4–82.4) 41.6 (31.9–51.2) 46.3 (41.3–51.4) 52.4 (42.6–62.3) 47.2 (42.1–52.2) 5.9 (1.3–10.6) 6.4 (3.9–8.9)
Current drinker
Yes 118 84.8 (76.8–92.8) 89.8 (82.7–97.0) 26.7 (15.4–37.9) 34.4 (22.1–46.8) 0.70 (58.2–81.7) 60.3 (47.6–73.0) 3.3 (1.2–7.9) 5.2 (0.6–10.9)
No 522 80.6 (74.3–87.0) 76.4 (72.6–80.2) 44.3 (35.2–53.5) 46.7 (41.8–51.5) 49.6 (40.3–58.7) 46.9 (42.0–51.7) 6.0 (1.6–10.5) 6.4 (4.0–8.7)
Diagnosed hypertension
Yes 94 79.3 (64.3–94.3) 75.3 (65.8–84.7) 52.4 (30.4–74.3) 52.0 (40.5–63.6) 42.8 (21.1–64.5) 42.5 (31.0–53.9) 4.7 (0.4–14.1) 5.4 (0.2–10.7)
No 546 82.5 (77.2–87.7) 78.6 (74.8–82.3) 36.4 (28.7–44.0) 43.8 (38.9–48.8) 58.4 (50.6–66.3) 49.7 (44.8–54.7) 5.2 (1.6–8.7) 6.3 (3.9–8.8)
Diagnosed diabetes
Yes 26 81.8 (57.6–106.0) 73.7 (53.1–94.3) 60.0 (27.9–92.0) 50.0 (24.6–75.3) 40.0 (7.9–72.0) 50.0 (24.6–75.3) 0.0 (0.0–0.0) 0.0 (0.0–0.0)
No 614 70.9 (54.5–87.4) 77.5 (64.2–90.7) 36.9 (29.5–44.3) 44.9 (40.4–49.6) 57.6 (49.9–65.1) 48.5 (43.9–53.2) 5.4 (1.9–8.9) 6.4 (4.1–8.7)
Body mass index
>25 248 69.8 (59.2–80.4) 78.7 (73.5–83.9) 53.8 (40.1–67.5) 50.5 (43.5–57.5) 44.2 (30.6–57.9) 44.4 (37.4–51.4) 1.9 (0.2–5.7) 5.1 (2.0–8.2)
<25 392 87.8 (82.6–92.9) 77.6 (72.9–82.2) 30.2 (21.9–38.5) 41.3 (35.4–47.3) 63.0 (54.3–71.7) 51.3 (45.2–57.4) 6.7 (21,2–11.2) 7.3 (4.1–10.4)
Waist circumference
Increased 298 79.6 (68.2–91.0) 75.4 (70.6–80.2) 42.5 (26.9–58.0) 53.1 (46.9–59.2) 55.0 (39.3–70.6) 42.2 (36.2–48.3) 2.5 (.2–7.4) 4.6 (2.1–7.2)
Normal 342 83.1 (77.6–88.7) 82.2 (77.4–87.2) 37.3 (29.0–45.5) 35.2 (28.7–41.8) 56.7 (48.3–65.2) 56.5 (49.7–63.3) 5.9 (1.9–10.0) 8.2 (4.4–11.9)
Waist–hip ratio
Increased 348 77.4 (68.8–85.9) 77.9 (73.1–82.6) 33.7 (24.1–43.2) 46.2 (0.40–0.52) 61.0 (51.2–70.9) 47.4 (41.2–53.6) 5.2 (0.7–9.7) 6.3 (3.3–9.3)
Normal 292 85.2 (78.9–91.3) 78.7 (73.4–83.9) 46.5 (35.0–58.1) 44.4 (37.5–51.4) 49.3 (37.7–60.8) 48.9 (41.9–55.9) 6.3 (3.3–9.3) 6.5 (3.1–10.0)

Note. GPAQ = Global Physical Activity Questionnaire; WHO = World Health Organization.

*Includes Rai, Magar, Tamang, Dalit, Gurung, Mandal, Chaudary, Pariayar, Purkutti.

†Primary education includes grade 1–4, secondary education includes grades 6–10, and high school begins with grade 11.

‡The definitions of occupation were adopted from the Nepal WHO–STEPS Non–Communicable Disease Survey, 2007 [21].

§A woman who is involved in her own household activities (e.g., cooking, washing, cleaning, etc.) but does not earn money.

Risk factor categories were based on the WHO–NCD Risk Factor STEPS Survey manual [11]. Current smokers included those who responded “yes” to “Do you smoke?” Past smokers included those who replied “yes” to “Did you ever smoke in the past?”. Current drinkers included respondents who had consumed alcohol within the previous month. Blood pressure data exclude respondents who did not submit to all three readings. Likewise, data for body mass index, waist circumference and waist–hip ratio exclude respondents whose weight, height and waist and/or hip measurements were not taken. Increased waist circumference includes waist measurements of ≥80 cm (women) and ≥90 cm (men); increased waist–hip ratio was ≥ 0.85 (women) and ≥0.90 (men).

Vaidya and Krettek

Vaidya and Krettek International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2014 11:39   doi:10.1186/1479-5868-11-39

Open Data