Table 2

Canada's Food Guide servings and percentage of participants meeting minimum recommendations by vegetarian status and gender.

Food Group

Servings (Mean ± SE)

% Meeting Recommendation


Non-vegetarian

Vegetarian

Non-vegetarian

Vegetarian


Grain Products1

7.7 ± 0.16

7.9 ± 0.81

70.5

67.7

5.0 ± 0.09

5.9 ± 0.31**

45.5

57.3*


Fruit and Vegetables1

5.3 ± 0.13

7.3 ± 0.70**

45.5

64.5*

4.5 ± 0.12

5.6 ± 0.40**

34.0

40.0


Milk and Milk Products2

1.7 ± 0.06

3.0 ± 0.29***

33.5

67.7***

1.4 ± 0.04

1.5 ± 0.14

25.3

33.3


Meat and Alternatives3

4.5 ± 0.12

1.9 ± 0.6***

78.1

51.6***

2.7 ± 0.07

2.6 ± 0.24

57.8

45.3*


* p < 0.05, ** p < 0.01, *** p < 0.001

1 Minimum serving recommendation is 5 servings.

2 Minimum serving recommendation is 2 servings.

3 Minimum serving recommendation is 2 servings; servings calculated as 50 g equivalent

Bedford and Barr International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2005 2:4   doi:10.1186/1479-5868-2-4

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