Table 3

Summary of potential determinants of fruit and vegetable consumption among children and adolescents. Determinants included in at least three papers.

Determinant variable

Association/group with highest level of intake (Reference no.)

No association (Reference no.)


Sociodemographic factors


Gender

Girls: 19, 23, 24, 25, 27, 30, 36, 37, 43, 44, 46, 47, 48, 50, 52, 53, 55, 63, 77, 85, 92, 100, 105, 106, 107, 108, 109

Boys: 17, 60, 110, 114

26, 28, 40, 57, 65, 67, 74, 77, 80, 82, 84, 90, 98, 99, 101, 103, 111, 112

Age/grade

Neg. assoc: 23, 24, 25, 36, 37, 40, 63, 80, 98, 113

Pos. assoc: 110, 111, 112

17, 66, 67, 77, 82, 85, 99, 101, 103

Socioeconomic position (some papers included several measurements and they may therefore be marked twice)

Pos. assoc: 18, 19, 21, 23, 24, 25, 27, 32, 33, 34, 35, 37, 39, 40, 43, 44, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 52, 54, 60, 63, 66, 73, 80, 82, 85, 86, 98, 100, 104, 105, 108, 112

Neg. assoc: 20, 60, 84

18, 19, 20, 24, 28, 33, 34, 50, 55, 63, 66, 74, 80, 82, 99, 100, 103, 110, 111

Race/ethnicity

Assoc: 26, 28, 57, 60, 65, 77, 78, 80, 84, 85, 90, 92, 98, 100, 101

55, 63, 67, 74, 82, 99

Urbanisation

Rural: 20, 47, 114

19


Personal factors


Preferences

Pos. assoc: 41, 42, 56, 63, 67, 73, 82, 86, 91, 109, 113

-

Nutritional knowledge

Pos. assoc: 26, 41, 42, 48, 75, 93

Neg. assoc: 82

91

Attitudes

Pos. assoc: 22, 79, 86

-

Intentions

Pos. assoc: 22, 79

41, 42

Self-efficacy

Pos. assoc: 22, 41, 42, 67, 75, 102

86, 91

Outcome expectations

Pos. assoc: 91

67, 73, 75, 82

Perceived barriers

Low barriers: 79

66, 82

Subjective norms (perception of others' attitude on own diet)

Pos. assoc: 43, 79, 82


Family-related factors


Parental intake

Pos. assoc: 22, 41, 45, 72, 75, 102, 109, 113

42

Home availability/accessibility

Pos. assoc: 41, 42, 64, 72, 73, 75, 86, 93, 102

41, 64

Family structure

Two-parent family: 35, 84, 99, 101

82

Family size

19, 110, 111

Frequency of family meals

Pos. assoc: 35, 70, 86, 87, 98

22

Parental style

Assoc: 38, 82, 101

22, 43, 102

Parental support for healthy eating/FV

Pos. assoc: 22, 86, 102

-


Friends-related factors


Perceived friend intake

Pos. assoc: 22, 113

109


School-related factors


Fruit and/or vegetable availability at school

Pos. assoc: 42, 73

24

Other foods: Vending machines

Neg. assoc: 76

31, 24

Other foods: À la carte program availability

Neg. assoc: 76

-

Other foods: Access to snack bar meals

Neg. assoc: 63, 65

-

Participating in school lunch programme

Pos. assoc: 35, 77, 84

-

Academic achievement

Pos. assoc: 35, 85

43

School type

Non-public schools: 89, 112

110, 111


Meal patterns/TV watching/eating fast food


Meal frequency

Pos. assoc: 43

66, 86

Meal type

Pos. assoc: 55, 62, 71, 83, 88

-

Hours of TV watching

Neg. assoc: 36, 59, 81, 97

-

Eating fast food

Neg. assoc: 58, 68, 96

86


Pos. assoc = positive association; neg. assoc. = negative association; F = fruit; V = vegetables

Rasmussen et al. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2006 3:22   doi:10.1186/1479-5868-3-22

Open Data