Table 3

Change in perceived neighborhood characteristics, perceived social support provided in past month, neighborhood cohesion score and intrapersonal factors for non-owners at baseline by dog ownership status at one year follow-up

Physical environmental sub-scales:

% New dog owners (n = 92)

% Continuing non-owners (n = 681)

p value


Land use mix-access

No change

45.7

48.4

0.596

Increase

14.1

10.6

Decrease

40.2

40.9

Aesthetics

No change

53.8

48.3

0.423

Increase

25.3

32.0

Decrease

20.9

19.7

Walking facilities

No change

57.6

54.7

0.810

Increase

22.8

25.9

Decrease

19.6

19.4

Park or nature reserve that's easily accessible

No change

58.7

53.0

0.582

Increase

28.3

31.8

Decrease

13.0

15.2

Street connectivity

No change

56.5

61.9

0.164

Increase

22.8

24.8

Decrease

20.7

13.3

Pedestrian/traffic safety

No change

53.8

47.7

0.200

Increase

24.2

33.5

Decrease

22.0

18.8

Crime safety

No change

50.0

48.7

0.801

Increase

40.2

43.1

Decrease

9.8

8.1

Design of new neighborhood

Conventional

53.3

51.0

0.913

Hybrid

18.5

19.0

Liveable

28.3

30.0


Social environmental sub-scales:


Social support from family for walking

No change

33.3

37.6

0.244

Increase

44.0

34.8

Decrease

22.6

27.6

Social support from friends for walking

No change

57.1

8.8

0.288

Increase

17.9

22.7

Decrease

25.0

18.5

Social support from family for other physical activity

No change

36.6

41.3

0.684

Increase

35.4

33.8

Decrease

28.0

24.8

Social support from friends for other physical activity

No change

51.2

56.4

0.398

Increase

22.0

23.3

Decrease

26.8

20.4

Neighborhood social cohesion

No change

38.5

47.1

0.154

Increase

48.4

44.6

Decrease

13.2

8.3


Intrapersonal items and sub-scales:


Intention to walk for total 30 mins on ≥ 5 days/week

No change

19.6

31.3

0.001

Increase

58.7

37.7

Decrease

21.7

31.0

Intention to do vigorous leisure time physical activity

for total three 20 min sessions/week

No change

28.3

32.6

0.378

Increase

30.4

33.4

Decrease

41.3

34.0

Intention to do other moderate leisure time physical

activity for total 30 mins on ≥ 5 days/week

No change

20.7

28.5

0.178

Increase

37.0

37.5

Decrease

42.4

34.0

Enjoyment of walking in neighborhood

No change

60.4

57.6

0.860

Increase

16.5

18.5

Decrease

23.1

23.9

Attitude toward process of trying to walk on most days

No change

40.2

44.6

0.699

Increase

39.1

35.2

Decrease

20.7

20.2

Self-efficacy

No change

40.7

50.2

0.016

Increase

34.1

20.7

Decrease

25.3

29.0

Perceived behavioral control

No change

28.3

36.1

0.089

Increase

47.8

36.1

Decrease

23.9

27.8

Behavioral skills

No change

51.1

46.4

0.049

Increase

30.4

23.3

Decrease

18.5

30.3


Cutt et al. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2008 5:17   doi:10.1186/1479-5868-5-17

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