Table 3

Odds ratios (OR) and 95% Confidence Intervals (CI) describing the relationships between frequency of family meals and aspects of the home food environment and nutrition behaviors

Frequency of family meals

None

1–2 days

3–4 days

Everyday

p-value1


Support and Boundaries

A lot of maternal support for healthy eating

%

49.7

55.3

58.6

67.3

OR

1.0

1.28

1.46

2.09

CI

.

0.9–1.7

1.1–1.9

1.6–2.7

< 0.001

A lot of paternal support for healthy eathing

%

41.2

44.5

44.6

54.4

OR

1.0

1.16

1.15

1.69

CI

.

0.9–1.5

0.9–1.5

1.3–2.2

< 0.001

Parental limits on TV use

%

42.3

54.0

56.4

60.2

OR

1.0

1.61

1.75

2.00

CI

.

1.2–2.1

1.4–2.2

1.6–2.5

< 0.001

Food Accessibility at home

Fruit available everyday

%

54.7

50.3

55.3

63.1

OR

1.0

0.85

1.04

1.44

CI

.

0.7–1.1

0.8–1.4

1.1–1.8

< 0.001

Chips available most days

%

41.3

43.1

42.8

40.3

OR

1.0

1.07

1.06

0.96

CI

.

0.8–1.4

0.8–1.4

0.7–1.2

0.58

Chocolates available most days

%

24.7

25.3

24.9

23.8

OR

1.0

1.04

1.01

0.95

CI

.

0.8–1.4

0.8–1.3

0.7–1.3

0.87

Soft drinks available most days

%

35.0

37.3

37.6

34.1

OR

1.0

1.09

1.10

0.95

CI

.

0.8–1.5

0.8–1.5

0.7–1.2

0.43

Positive Nutrition Behaviors

5 or more fruits and vegetables a day

%

33.7

37.7

39.3

47.8

OR

1.0

1.19

1.246

1.76

CI

.

0.9–1.6

1.0–1.6

1.4–2.3

< 0.001

Fruit for afternoon snack, most days

%

33.7

38.1

40.7

47.5

OR

1.0

1.23

1.37

1.76

CI

.

0.9–1.7

1.1–1.9

1.3–2.3

< 0.001

Bring some of their school food from home

%

63.7

64.3

71.9

78.7

OR

1.0

1.01

1.40

1.99

CI

.

0.8–1.4

1.1–1.9

1.5–2.7

< 0.001

Eat breakfast at home before school, everyday

%

18.3

13.6

22.0

31.6

OR

1.0

0.70

1.22

1.97

CI

.

0.5–1.1

0.8–1.8

1.4–2.8

< 0.001

Less Healthy Nutrition Behaviors

Drink ≥ 1 soft drinks a day

%

77.6

75.8

72.9

77.7

OR

1.0

0.94

0.83

1.05

CI

.

0.7–1.4

0.6–1.1

0.8–1.5

0.17

Eat fast food once a week or more

%

48.7

44.5

44.2

50.3

OR

1.0

1.18

1.19

0.94

CI

.

0.9–1.5

0.9–1.5

0.7–1.2

0.019

Fried food for afternoon snack, most days

%

25.7

27.1

26.2

25.5

OR

1.0

1.06

1.01

0.98

CI

.

0.8–1.5

0.7–1.4

0.7–1.3

0.94

Chocolates for afternoon snack, most days

%

30.3

30.5

30.1

30.4

OR

1.0

1.04

1.04

1.04

CI

.

0.8–1.4

0.8–1.4

0.8–1.4

0.99


1P-value for Wald chi-square, controlling for age and gender

Utter et al. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2008 5:50   doi:10.1186/1479-5868-5-50

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