Table 12

Summary of Correlates of Dietary Behavior among Children and Adolescents

FJV

Fat

Total Energy

Sugar Snacking

SSB

Fiber

Other Healthy Dietary Intake

Other Less Healthy Dietary Intake

Total Summary


Attitude

5 articles

8 variables

Pos assoc: 3

38%

1 article

1 variable

Neg assoc: 1

100%

3 articles

3 variables

Neg assoc: 3

100%

1 article

1 variable

Pos assoc: 1

100%

6 articles

14 variables

Pos assoc: 8

57%

3 articles

3 variables

Pos assoc: 1

33%

19 articles

30 variables

Pos assoc: 17

57%

Availability

12 articles

26 variables

Pos assoc: 15

‡ 57%

1 article

2 variables

Pos assoc: 2

100%

1 article

2 variables

Pos assoc: 1

50%

3 articles

5 variables

Pos assoc: 2

40%

2 articles

8 variables

Pos assoc: 4

50%

2 articles

3 variables

Pos assoc: 2

67%

21 articles

46 variables

Pos assoc: 26

57%

Barriers

3 articles

5 variables

Pos assoc: 2

40%

1 article

1 variable

Pos assoc: 0

0%

1 article

3 variables

Pos assoc: 2

67%

7 articles

11 variables

Pos assoc: 6

55%

Intention

5 articles

7 variables

Pos assoc: 5

71%

2 articles

2 variables

Neg assoc: 1

50%

2 articles

3 variables

Pos assoc: 2

67%

3 articles

3 variables

Pos assoc: 3

100%

2 articles

2 variables

Pos assoc: 2

100%

1 article

1 variables

Pos assoc: 1

100%

3 articles

9 variables

Pos assoc: 5

56%

4 articles

5 variables

Pos assoc: 4

80%

20 articles

30 variables

Pos assoc: 21

70%

Knowledge

9 articles

13 variables

Pos assoc: 8

62%

2 articles

4 variables

Pos assoc: 0

0%

6 articles

9 variables

Pos assoc: 6

67%

3 articles

3 variables

Pos assoc: 1

33%

1 article

1 variable

Pos assoc: 1

100%

1 article

2 variables

Pos assoc: 2

100%

6 articles

14 variables

Pos assoc: 6

43%

3 articles

6 variables

Pos assoc: 2

33%

31 articles

52 variables

Pos assoc: 26

50%

Liking

5 articles

8 variables

Pos assoc: 6

75%

1 articles

2 variables

Pos assoc: 0

0%

1 article

1 variable

Pos assoc: 1

100%

1 article

1 variable

Pos assoc: 1

100%

3 articles

5 variables

Pos assoc: 2

40%

2 articles

12 variables

Pos assoc: 7

58%

2 articles

4 variables

Pos assoc: 3

75%

15 articles

33 variables

Pos assoc: 20

61%

Perceived Modeling

9 articles

16 variables

Pos assoc: 14

88%

3 articles

5 variables

Neg assoc: 1

20%

3 articles

4 variables

Pos assoc: 1

25%

1 article

1 variable

Pos assoc: 1

100%

4 articles

7 variables

Pos assoc: 7

100%

2 articles

16 variables

Pos assoc: 10

63%

2 articles

8 variables

Pos assoc: 7

88%

24 articles

57 variables

Pos assoc: 41

72%

Modeling

(Reported by Other)

6 articles

17 variables

Pos assoc: 10

59%

2 articles

6 variables

Pos assoc: 2

33%

1 article

2 variables

Pos assoc: 2

100%

2 articles

3 variables

Pos assoc: 1

33%

1 article

4 variables

Pos assoc: 2

50%

1 article

1 variable

Pos assoc: 0

0%

1 article

2 variables

Pos assoc: 1

50%

1 article

2 variables

Pos assoc: 1

50%

15 articles

37 variables

Pos assoc: 19

51%

Norms

5 articles

10 variables

Pos assoc: 6

60%

1 article

1 variable

Pos assoc: 0

0%

1 article

4 variables

Pos assoc: 4

100%

2 articles

2 variables

Pos assoc: 0

0%

3 articles

3 variables

Pos assoc: 2

Neg assoc:1§ 100%

3 articles

8 variables

Pos assoc: 5

63%

2 articles

2 variables

Pos assoc: 0

0%

17 articles

30 variables

Pos assoc: 18

60%

Outcome Expectations

5 articles

13 variables

Pos assoc: 6

46%

2 articles

2 variables

Pos assoc: 1

50%

7 articles

15 variables

Pos assoc: 7

47%

Preferences

13 articles

26 variables

Pos assoc: 20

77%

2 articles

3 variables

Pos assoc: 1

33%

5 articles

5 variables

Pos assoc: 1

20%

1 article

1 variable

Pos assoc: 0

0%

1 article

2 variables

Pos assoc: 2

100%

22 articles

37 variables

Pos assoc: 24

65%

Self-Efficacy

14 articles

34 variables

Pos assoc: 15

44%

4 articles

6 variables

Pos assoc: 3

50%

5 articles

7 variables

Pos assoc: 3

43%

2 articles

3 variables

Pos assoc: 2

67%

2 articles

2 variables

Pos assoc: 1

50%

5 articles

9 variables

Pos assoc: 6

67%

1 article

3 variables

Pos assoc: 2

67%

33 articles

64 variables

Pos assoc: 32

50%

Social Support

6 articles

10 variables

Pos assoc: 4

40%

4 articles

6 variables

Pos assoc: 2

33%

3 articles

3 variables

Pos assoc: 2

67%

1 article

1 variables

Pos assoc: 0

0%

2 articles

4 variables

Pos assoc: 4

100%

3 articles

8 variables

Pos assoc: 5

63%

1 article

1 variable

Neg assoc: 1

100%

20 articles

33 variables

Pos assoc: 18

55%


Perceived availability was significant in 10 of the 12 articles, classifying it as consistently significant.

† Does not classify as consistent because association is only observed in one article.

§ This is a measure of milk norms and is therefore considered to represent the proper direction.

McClain et al. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2009 6:54   doi:10.1186/1479-5868-6-54

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