Table 4

Summary of Correlates of Fruit, Juice and Vegetable Intake among Children and Adolescents

Determinant Variable

Association (Reference no.)

No association (Reference no.)


Advanced Stage of Change

Pos assoc: FV:[51]

Attitude

Pos assoc: F:[74,42]V:[42]

F: [70,93]V: [70,93]FV:[96]

Attitude (Reported by Parent)

Pos assoc: F:[82]V:[82]

Attitude of parent

Pos assoc: F:[60]mother

V:[60]mother

Availability

Pos assoc: F:[47,93,68,70]home, V:[47,68,70]home,[42]home,[59]home

FJ:[59]home

FV:[63,99,78]

FJV:[46,46]girls

F: [42]home, [2]school, [ 42]friend's home, [70]schoolV: [42]school, [42]friend's home, [70]schoolFV: [96]home,[96]friend's home, [96]schoolFJV:[46]boys

Availability (Perceived by Parent)

Pos assoc: F:[39]

F: [45]

V: [45,39]

FV: [101]boys, [101]girls,

FJV:[46]

Barriers

Pos assoc: F:[42]

V:[42]

Neg assoc: FV:[96]

F:[70]

V:[70]

Barriers (Perceived by Parent)

Neg assoc: F:[48]

FJV:[48]

Behavioral Skills

Pos assoc: FV:[40]

Family Meal Patterns

Neg assoc: FV:[63]

Family Rules

Pos Assoc: F:[70]demanding

V:[70]demanding

F:[70]allowing

V:[70]allowing

Healthful Rules (Reported by Parent)

Pos assoc: FV:[100,100]boys

FV:[100]girls

Intention to eat healthy

Pos assoc: F:[87]a, [87]b, [87]c

FV:[104,96]

Neg assoc: F:[74,40]

Intention (Reported by Parent)

Pos assoc: F: [82]

V: [82]

Knowledge

Pos assoc: F:[42,70]

V:[42,70]

FV:[96,40,97,84]girls,

F: [60]

V: [60]

FV:[83,79,84]boys

Knowledge of parents

Pos assoc: F:[60]mother

V:[60]mother

Liking

Pos assoc F:[42,70]

V:[42,70]

FV:[96,97]

F:[60]

V:[60]

Modeling

Pos assoc: F:[42,70,93]parents, [47]parents, [93]peer

V:[42,70,93]parents, [93]peer

FV:[40,96,97]parents, [99]parents

FJV:[47]parents

F:[74]mother, [74]father

Modeling (Reported by Other)

Pos assoc: F:[95,82]parents, [82]mother, [60]mother, [82]father

V:[95,82]parents, [82]mother

FV:[95,40]parents

Neg assoc: FV: [52]parent

F:[101]parents boys, [101]parents girls

V:[60]mother, [82]father, [101]parents boys, [101]parents girls

Motivation

Pos assoc: FV:[84]boys, [84]girls

Negative Parenting Practices (Reported by Parent)

Neg assoc: F:[48]

V:[48]

FJV:[48]

Norms

Pos assoc: FV:[48,92,63]family, [63]peer

V:[92]total, [92]low fat

FV:[92]

Neg assoc: FJV:[47]peer

F:[74]

V:[92]high fat

Norms (Reported by Parent)

Neg assoc: F:[82]

V:[82]

Outcome Expectations

Pos assoc: F:[53]health

V:[53]social,[53]health

FV:[53]social,[53]health, [83]positive

F: [93,53]social, [60]health

V: [93,60]health

FV: [79,83]negative

Outcome Expectations of parents

Pos assoc: F:[60]mother

Neg assoc:V:[60]mother

Parental Control

Pos assoc: V:[93]permissive eating practices, [93]obligation rules

Neg assoc: FV:[63]permissive eating practices

F: [93]permissive eating practices, [93]obligation rules

FV:[99]

Parental Encouragement

Neg assoc: F:[70]active

V:[70]active

FV:[96]active

Parenting Style

Pos assoc: F:[69]

FV:[96]facilitation, [96]demanding

FV:[99]authoritative, [96]allowance

Perceived Parent Evaluation of Child's Diet as Healthy

Pos assoc: FV:[109]

Preferences

Pos assoc: F:[93,70,42,53,93]in difficult situations

V:[93,70,42,53,60,40,59]

FJ:[59]

FV:[106,53]fruit, [53]veg, [63]veg, [78,83]fv, [53]fv

F: [79,93]for healthy eating

V: [79,93]in difficult situations, [93]for healthy eating

FV:[96]

Preferences of the child, (Reported by Parent)

Pos assoc: F:[82]

V:[82]

FV:[40]

Regret/Avoid Eating

FV:[52]

Self-Competence

FV:[52]social, [52]athletic

Self-Efficacy

Pos assoc: F:[92,70,92]veg

V:[82,59,79,70,92]low fat veg, [53]for breakfast and lunch

FV:[40,63,88,96,99,53]for breakfast and lunch

Neg assoc: V:[92]high fat veg

F: [42,74,79,87]a, [87]b, [87]c, [53]after school, [53]breakfast and lunch, [53]assisted shopping, [53]independent shopping,

V: [42,53]after school, [53]assisted shopping [53]independent shopping,

FJ: [59]

FV:[53]after school, [53]independent shopping, [53]assisted shopping

Self-Efficacy (Reported by Parent)

Pos assoc: F:[48,82]

V:[82]

Self Evaluation

Pos assoc: FV:[109]of health, [109]of diet

Neg assoc:FV:[109]negative

Social Desirability

Pos assoc: FV:[63]

F: [45]

V: [45,59]

FJ:[59]

Social Support

Pos assoc: V:[42]parent

FV:[96]parent, [100]family total, [100]family girls

F: [74,93,42]parent

V: [93]

FV:[99]parent, [100]family boys


LEGEND: F – Fruit; J – Juice; V – Vegetables

McClain et al. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2009 6:54   doi:10.1186/1479-5868-6-54

Open Data