Table 1

Factors reported to be associated with physical activity maintenance among adolescents who maintained or declined involvement in physical activity

Theory of Planned Behavior components

Themes

Adolescents who

maintain PA

Adolescents who

decline PA


Attitudes

Benefits/Consequences

Mental health

+

+

Acute disease prevention

+

Better performance

+

Social interactions

+

-

Body image

+

Subjective norms

Social support and pressure

Parental support

+

-

Role modeling

+

Social environment pressure

-

Social validation

+

-

Media

Influence from celebrities

+

Perceived behavioural control

Perceived competence

Feeling of competence

+

-

Access

Cost, time, availability

-

Parental support

+

-


PA = physical activity; + denotes factors reported to be positively associated with the maintenance of physical activity throughout adolescence; - denotes factors reported to be negatively associated with the maintenance of physical activity during adolescence.

BĂ©langer et al. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2011 8:117   doi:10.1186/1479-5868-8-117

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