Table 4

Logistic regression analysis of dietary behaviors, physical activity and sedentary lifestyle associated with overweight among Pakistani primary school children (n = 1860)

Overweight, including obese (n = 316)


Characteristics

Crude OR (95% CI)

Adjusted OR (95% CI)a


Diet-related factors

Breakfast

Usually eat

Ref.

Ref.

Does not eat

2.00 (1.35-2.94)

1.82 (1.22-2.71)

Fast food and snacks

< once/week

Ref.

Ref.

1-2 times/week

1.43 (1.09-1.88)

1.41 (1.07-1.86)*

≥ 3 times/week

1.58 (1.12-2.24)*

1.56 (1.09-2.24)*

Activity-related factors

Physical activityb

≤ 2 times/week

Ref.

Ref.

> 2 times - 4 times/week

0.51 (0.36-0.74)

0.49 (0.34-0.70)

> 4 times - 7 times/week

0.74 (0.56-0.97)*

0.71 (0.54-0.94)*

Sedentary lifestylec

≤ 1 hour/day

Ref.

Ref.

> 1 hour - 3 hours/day

1.55 (1.20-2.01)

1.56 (1.19-2.03)

> 3 hours - 6 hours/day

1.80 (1.21-2.68)

1.69 (1.12-2.56)*


P < 0.001, P < 0.01, *P < 0.05

aThe model is controlled for age and gender

bPhysical activity included running or jogging, cycling, housework or yard work, and sports involving physical movement (see details in methods)

cSedentary lifestyle included television viewing, working on computer and playing video games

Mushtaq et al. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2011 8:130   doi:10.1186/1479-5868-8-130

Open Data