Table 8

Logistic regression analysis of socio-demographic factors associated with eating fast food and snacks once a week among Pakistani primary school children (n = 1860)

Eating fast food and snacks once a week (n = 798)


Characteristics

Crude OR (95% CI)

Adjusted OR (95% CI)a


Gender

Boys

1.27 (1.05-1.52)*

1.64 (1.33-2.02)

Girls

Ref.

Ref.

Area and socioeconomic status (SES)

Urban, high SES

8.83 (6.41-12.17)

5.09 (3.02-8.60)

Urban, middle SES

7.41 (5.38-10.20)

3.88 (2.36-6.37)

Urban, low SES

4.85 (3.52-6.68)

3.86 (2.54-5.87)

Rural, low/disadvantaged SES

Ref.

Ref.

Neighborhood income

Low

Ref.

Ref.

Middle

3.60 (2.88-4.50)

1.35 (1.00-1.83)

High

3.92 (2.93-5.24)

1.23 (0.81-1.87)

Parental education

Illiterate

Ref.

Ref.

High school

2.62 (1.89-3.63)

1.11 (0.75-1.64)

College

6.47 (4.70-8.91)

1.74 (1.12-2.68)*

Higher education

5.44 (3.93-7.53)

1.38 (0.87-2.17)

Parental working status

Father only

Ref.

Ref.

Both parents

1.65 (1.32-2.06)

1.26 (0.98-1.61)

Number of siblings

No

2.11 (0.96-4.60)

0.68 (0.30-1.54)

1-3

2.23 (1.85-2.71)

0.97 (0.77-1.22)

> 3

Ref.

Ref.

Number of persons in child's living room

No

2.79 (1.88-4.15)

1.36 (0.88-2.09)

1-3

1.80 (1.49-2.19)

1.15 (0.92-1.43)

> 3

Ref.

Ref.


P < 0.001, *P < 0.05

aThe model is controlled for age

Mushtaq et al. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2011 8:130   doi:10.1186/1479-5868-8-130

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