Open Access Research

Are Australian immigrants at a risk of being physically inactive?

Jayantha Dassanayake134, Shyamali C Dharmage1, Lyle Gurrin1, Vijaya Sundararajan2 and Warren R Payne3*

Author Affiliations

1 Center for Molecular, Environment, Genetic and Analytical Epidemiology, The University of Melbourne, Australia

2 Department of Medicine, Southern Clinical School, Monash University, Australia

3 Institute of Sport, Exercise and Active Living, Victoria University, Australia

4 Faculty of Nursing, University of Alberta, Canada

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International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2011, 8:53  doi:10.1186/1479-5868-8-53

Published: 1 June 2011

Abstract

Background

We examined whether physical activity risk differed between migrant sub-groups and the Australian-born population.

Methods

Data were drawn from the Australian National Health Survey (2001) and each resident's country of birth was classified into one of 13 regions. Data were gathered on each resident's physical activity level in the fortnight preceding the survey. Multivariable logistic regression, adjusted for potential confounders examined the risk of physical inactivity of participants from each of the 13 regions compared to the Australian-born population.

Results

There was a greater prevalence of physical inactivity for female immigrants from most regions compared to male immigrants from a like region. Immigrants from South East Asia (OR 2.04% 95% CI 1.63, 2.56), Other Asia (OR 1.53 95% CI 1.10, 2.13), Other Oceania (1.81 95% CI 1.11, 2.95), the Middle East (OR 1.42 95% CI 0.97, 2.06 [note: border line significance]) and Southern & Eastern Europe are at a significantly higher risk of being physically inactive compared to those born in Australian. In contrast, immigrants from New Zealand (OR 0.77 95% CI 0.62, 0.94), the UK & Ireland (OR 0.82 95% CI 0.73, 0.92), and other Africa (OR 0.69 95% CI 0.51, 0.94) are at a significantly lower risk of being physically inactive compared to the Australian born population.

Conclusion

Future research identifying potential barriers and facilitators to participation in physical activity will inform culturally sensitive physical activity programs that aim to encourage members of specific regional ethnic sub-groups to undertake physical activity.