Table 1

Examples of determinants of eating and physical activity behaviour in children targeted by the Healthy Lifestyles Programme

Personal Determinant

External Determinants

Knowledge and skills to perform tasks required by the intervention (e.g. communicating with parents, select healthy snacks/drinks)


Food preferences and perceived enjoyment

Modelling by parents

Food cravings (urges for unhealthy foods)

Modelling by peers

Activity preferences and perceived enjoyment (sedentary activities vs more active pursuits)

Availability and accessibility of healthy and unhealthy foods in and outside the home and in the school environment

Perceived familiarity of foods/physical activities

Availability and accessibility of physical activity opportunities in school and during parental care

Perceived norms regarding choice of food/leisure activities in family and peer group

Family support (emotional, instrumental and informational)

Self efficacy regarding selection of food/physical activity

Reinforcement from parents, teachers and peers

Self awareness regarding diet and physical activity and screen-based sedentary behaviours

Attitude to the Programme (intention to make changes)

Perceived importance of eating healthily and exercising (pros and cons of making a change)

Lloyd et al. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2011 8:73   doi:10.1186/1479-5868-8-73

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