Table 2

Pedometer -based physical activity intervention studies with older adults

Reference

Sample

Intervention duration; study duration and design

Instrument

Intervention Group

Baseline Steps/day

Intervention Group

Immediately Post-Intervention Steps/day

Delta

Steps/day

Cohen's D


Conn [89]

2003

USA

65-96 years; community-dwelling;

190 participants

3-month intervention; 3-month randomized controlled trial

Yamax Digi-Walker

2,773 ± 1,780

2,253 ± 1,394

-520

-0.33


Croteau [26]

2004

USA

68-95 years; living in assisted living; 15 participants

4-week intervention; 4-week quasi-experimental

Yamax Digi-Walker SW-200

3,031 ± 2,754

2,419 ± 2,296

-612

-0.24


Jensen [90] 2004

USA

60-75 years; community -dwelling; 18 participants

3-month intervention; 3-month quasi-experimental

Accusplit, San Jose, CA

4,027 ± 2,515

5,883 ± 3,214

1,856

0.65


Croteau [25] 2005

USA

60-90 year olds;

living in congregate housing or community-dwelling; 76 participants

4- month intervention; 4-month quasi-experimental

Accusplit AX120, San Jose, California

4,041 ± 2,824

5,559 ± 3,866

1,518

0.45


Croteau [91]

2007

USA

55-94 years; community-dwelling; 147 participants

12-week intervention; 12-week quasi-experimental

Yamax Digi-Walker SW-200 (Yamax Corporation, Tokyo, Japan)

4,963

≅ 6,200

≅ 1,237

N/A


Sarkisian [92]

2007

USA

≥ 65 years; community-dwelling; 46 participants

7-week intervention; 7-week quasi-experimental

Digiwalker (Yamax DW-500, New Lifestyles, Inc., Kansas City, MO)

3,536 ± 2,280*

4,387 ± 2,770*

851

0.34


Wellman [93]

2007

USA

Mean 74.6 years; community-dwelling; 320 participants

12-week intervention; 12-week quasi-experimental

NR

3,110 ± 2,448

4,183 ± 3,257

1,073

0.38


Rosenberg [24]

2008

USA

74-92 years; living in continuing care retirement community; 12 participants

2 week intervention; 3-week quasi- experimental

Accusplit AH120M9, Pleasanton, CA

3,020 ± 1,858

4,246 ± 2,331

1,226

0.59


Culos-Reed [94]

2008

Canada

46-83 years; community-dwelling; 39 participants

8-week intervention; 8-week quasi-experimental

NR

5,055 ± 1,374

5,969 ± 1,543

914

0.63


Fitzpatrick [95]

2008

USA

Mean 75 years;

attending senior centers;

418 participants

4-month intervention; 4-month quasi-experimental

Accusplit, San Jose, CA

2,895 ± 2,170

3,743 ± 2,311

848

0.38


Opdenacker [27]

2008

Belgium

≥ 60 years; community-dwelling; 46 intervention participants

11-month intervention; 23-month randomized controlled trial

Yamax Digiwalker SW-200, Yamax Corporation, Tokyo, Japan

7,390 ± 2,693**

7,465 ± 3,344**

75

0.02


Sugden [96]

2008

U.K.

70-86 years; community-dwelling;

54 participants

12-week intervention; 12-week randomized controlled trial

Omron HJ-005

2,895

NR

N/A

N/A


Koizumi [97]

2009

Japan

60-78 years; community-dwelling; 34 intervention participants

12-week intervention; 12-week randomized controlled trial

Kenz Lifecorder, Suzuken Company, Nagoya, Japan

7,811 ± 3,268

9,046 ± 2,620

1,235

0.42


Steps/day presented as mean ± SD unless otherwise noted; *reported as steps/week in original article; divided by 7 days here; **SD calculated from reported SE

Tudor-Locke et al. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2011 8:80   doi:10.1186/1479-5868-8-80

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