Table 5

Descriptive characteristics of existing PAQs
Age Group Reference Name questionnaire Country Domains of activity Population Primary outcome
Size Age (years) Sex Ethnicity
Youth Affuso (2011)[59] SAPAC (modified) United States Sedentary 201 11 - 15 M/F Mixed Total min/day
Youth Allor (2001)[60] PDPAR United States Moderate, hard, very hard activity 46 12 ± 0.6 F Mixed, urban METs (kcal/hr)
Youth Corder (2009)[61] YPAQ, CPAQ, CHASE, SWAPAQ United Kingdom All domains, including school and leisure time 62 reliability, 76 validity 4 - 17 M/F Mainly white PAEE, lifestyle scores, MET-min/week
Youth Eisenmann (2002)[62] GLTEQ United States Mild, moderate and strenuous activity in leisure time 31 10.6 ± 0.2 M/F Mixed METs
Youth Gwynn (2010)[63] MRPARQ Australia All organised and non-organised physical activities 86 10 - 12 M/F Aboriginal, Torres Strait Islander, non-Indigenous MET-min/day
Youth Hagströmer (2008)[56] IPAQ-A 9 countries Sedentary, leisure, household, occupation, transportation 248 12 - 14, 15 -17 M/F European MET-min/day
Youth Huang (2009)[64] CLASS (Chinese version) China 31 physical activities and 14 sedentary activities over weekday and weekends 216 reliability, 99 validity 9 - 12 M/F Chinese Total min/day
Youth Kowalski (1997)[65] PAQ-C Canada Moderate and vigorous PA during school, including sports/exercise 73 8 - 13 M/F 5-point scale of activity
Youth Martinez-Gomez (2010)[66] BAD Spain Leisure, occupation 37 12 - 16 M/F MET-min/day
Youth Martinez-Gomez (2011)[67] PAQ-A Spain Usual moderate and vigorous PA during schooldays and weekend days 203 13 - 17 M/F PAQ-A score
Youth Mota (2002)[68] WAC (modified) Portugal Activities outside school 30 reliability, 109 validity 8 - 16 M/F Hispanic METs/15 min
Youth Ottevaere (2011)[57] IPAQ-A 10 countries Sedentary, leisure, household, occupation, transportation 2018 12.5 - 17 M/F European Total min/day
Youth Rangul (2008)[69] HBSC, IPAQ-s Norway HBSC: sports/exercise (outside school hours). IPAQ-s: sedentary, leisure, household, occupation, transportation 71 13 - 18 M/F TEE, PAL
Youth Scerpella (2002)[70] GSQ United States Habitual activity in strenuous, moderate and light intensity 61 7 - 11 F Godin-Shephard scores
Youth Slinde (2003)[71] MLTPAQ Sweden Sedentary, leisure, household 35 15 M/F TEE
Youth Treuth (2004)[72] GAQ United States 28 physical, 7 sedentary usual activities 90 reliability, 76 comparison validity, 86 intervention validity 8 - 10 F African-American GAQ score
Youth Troped (2007)[73] YRBS United States Leisure, occupation 128 reliability, 125 validity 12.7 ± 0.6 M/F Mixed Minutes and bouts of MPA and VPA
Youth Weston (1997)[74] PDPAR United States Sedentary, leisure, occupation, transportation, sports/exercise 90 reliability, 48 validity Grades 7 - 12 M/F Mainly white METs
Adults Ainsworth (1999)[87] TOQ, 7DR-O (modified) United States Occupation 46 18 - 60 F Mainly white MET-min/week
Adults Bassett (2000)[101] CAQ United States Stair climbing, walking, sports/exercise, leisure 96 25 - 70 M/F Mainly Caucasian MET-min/week
Adults Brown (2008)[88] AAS (modified) Australia Walking briskly, moderate leisure activity, vigorous leisure activity 44 54 - 59 F Mainly white MET-min/week
Adults Bull (2009)[58] GPAQ 9 countries Sedentary, leisure, occupation, transportation 2221 reliability, 298 validity 18-75 M/F Mixed Total min/day
Adults Conway (2002)[94] 7DPAR, S7DR United States Household, occupation, walking, light, moderate, vigorous activities 24 27 - 65 M MET-min/day, EE
Adults Cust (2008)[102] EPAQ Australia Leisure, household, occupation 182 50 - 65 M/F Mainly white Total PA index, Cambridge PA index
Adults Cust (2009)[103] EPAQ, IPAQ-s Australia Sedentary, leisure, household, occupation, transportation 177 50 - 65 M/F Mainly white MET-hr/week
Adults Duncan (2001)[104] 7DPAR United States Sedentary, leisure, household, occupation, sports/exercise 94 reliability, 66 validity 30 - 69 M/F Mainly Caucasian TEE, METs
Adults Ekelund (2006)[95] IPAQ-s Sweden Sedentary, leisure, household, occupation, transportation 87 20 - 69 M MET-min/day
Adults Gauthier (2009)[105] IPAQ-SALVCF Canada Sedentary, leisure, household, occupation, transportation 31 20 - 63 M/F French Canadians MET-min/week
Adults Hagströmer (2006)[106] IPAQ Sweden Sedentary, leisure, household, occupation, transportation 46 40.7 ± 10.3 M/F MET-hr/week
Adults Hagströmer (2010)[107] IPAQ Sweden Sedentary, leisure, household, occupation, transportation 980 18 - 65 M/F MET-min/day
Adults Hallal (2010)[108] IPAQ (modified) Brazil Leisure, transportation 156 ≥ 20 M/F Total min/week, total score
Adults InterAct Consortium (2011)[51] EPAQ-s 10 countries Leisure, household, occupation, transportation 1941 53.8 ± 9.4 M/F European MET-hr/week, total PA index, Cambridge index, recreational index
Adults Jacobi (2009)[109] MAQ France Sedentary, leisure, occupation 160 18 - 74 M/F MET-hr/week
Adults Kurtze (2008)[54] IPAQ-s Norway Sedentary, leisure, household, occupation, transportation 108 20 - 39 M MET-hr/week
Adults Lee (2011)[98] IPAQ-s (Chinese version) China Sedentary, leisure, household, occupation, transportation 1270 42.9 ± 14.4 M/F Asian MET-min/week
Adults MacFarlane (2007)[99] IPAQ-s (Chinese version) China Sedentary, leisure, household, occupation, transportation 49 15 - 55 M/F Asian MET-min/week
Adults MacFarlane (2010)[110] IPAQ-LC China Sedentary, leisure, household, occupation, transportation 28 reliability, 83 validity 26.2 ± 9.9 (reliability), 40.9 ± 11.1 (validity) M/F Asian MET-min/day
Adults Mahabir (2006)[89] HAQ, FCPQ, CAPS-4WR, CAPS-TWR United States Leisure, household 65 49 - 78 F EE, METs
Adults Matton (2007)[111] FPACQ Belgium Sedentary, leisure, household, occupation, transportation 102 reliability, 111 validity 22 - 78 M/F Hr/week, EE, PAL (METs)
Adults Nang (2011)[55] IPAQ, SP2PAQ Singapore Sedentary, leisure, household, occupation, transportation 152 > 21 M/F Asian EE (kcal/day), METs
Adults Nicaise (2011)[90] IPAQ United States Sedentary, leisure, household, occupation, transportation 105 35.9 ± 9.0 F Latino MET-min/week
Adults Pettee-Gabriel (2009)[91] PMMAQ, PWMAQ, NHS-PAQ, AAS, WHI-PAQ United States Sedentary, leisure, sports/exercise 66 45 - 65 F Mainly white MET-hr/week, total min/day
Adults Philippaerts (1999)[96] BAQ, FCPQ, TCQ Belgium Leisure, occupation, sports/exercise 19 40 M PAL scores
Adults Philippaerts (2001)[97] BAQ, TCQ Belgium Leisure, occupation, sports/exercise 66 40 M Activity indices, EE
Adults Richardson (2001)[100] S7DR United States Leisure, occupation 77 20 - 59 M/F Mainly white MET-min/day
Adults Saglam (2010)[112] IPAQ (short and long version) Turkey Sedentary, leisure, household, occupation, transportation 330 reliability, 80 validity 18 - 32 M/F MET-min/week
Adults Schmidt (2006)[92] KPAS-mod United States Household, occupation, active living, sports/exercise 63 18 - 47 F KPAS activity indexes
Adults Smitherman (2009)[113] JPAC United States Leisure, household, occupation, sports/exercise 40 reliability, 404 validity 54.4 ± 15.7 (reliability), 57.1 ± 11.54 (validity) M/F African American JPAC index scores
Adults Staten (2001)[93] AAFQ United States Leisure, household, occupation 35 31 - 60 F Mixed TEE, PAEE, RMR, MET-hr/day
Adults Strath (2004)[114] CAQ-PAI United States Leisure 25 20 - 56 M/F Mainly Caucasian MET-min/week
Adults Trinh (2009)[115] GPAQ Vietnam Sedentary, leisure, occupation, transportation 169 dry season, 162 wet season 25 - 64 M/F Asian Total min/day
Adults Washburn (2003)[116] S7DR United States Sleep, moderate, hard and very hard physical activities 46 17 - 35 M/F Mixed TEE, PAEE
Adults Wolin (2008)[117] IPAQ-s United States Sedentary, leisure, household, occupation, transportation 142 24 - 67 M/F Black or African American MET-min/week
Elderly Bonnefoy (2001)[75] MLTPAQ, YPAS, BAQ-mod, CAQ, 7DR, DQ-mod, LRC, SUA, PASE, QAPSE France Light, moderate, vigorous intensity PA, walking, specific activities 19 73.46 ± 4.1 M TEE, PAL, PAEE
Elderly De Abajo (2001)[76] YPAS (Spanish version) Spain Sedentary, occupation, sports/exercise 108 61 - 80 M/F Hispanic Total time, EE
Elderly Dinger (2004)[77] PASE United States Leisure, household, occupation 56 75.7 ± 7.9 M/F Mainly Caucasian Subscale and total PASE scores
Elderly Dubbert (2004)[78] 7DPAR United States Shopping, household, occupation, sports/exercise 220 reliability, 42 validity 60 - 80 M Mixed TEE, METs
Elderly Giles (2009)[79] CHAMPS-MMSCV Australia Leisure, household 47 ≥ 65 M/F Mainly non-Indigenous Australian MET-min/week (volume), times/week (frequency), min/week (duration)
Elderly Hagiwara (2008)[80] PASE Japan Leisure, household, occupation 257 reliability, 200 validity 72.6 ± 4.9 M/F Japanese Total PASE score, hr/day
Elderly Harada (2001)[81] CHAMPS, PASE, YPAS United States Leisure, household 87 65 - 89 M/F Mixed EE, total PASE score
Elderly Hurtig-Wennlöf (2010)[82] IPAQ-E Sweden Sedentary, leisure, household, occupation, transportation 54 66 - 85 M/F Total min/day
Elderly Kolbe-Alexander (2006)[83] IPAQ-s, YPAS South Africa Sedentary, leisure, household, occupation, transportation 122 > 60 M/F Mixed MET-min/week, EE
Elderly Starling (1999)[84] MLTPAQ, YPAS United States MLTPAQ: Leisure, household. YPAS: leisure, household, sports/exercise 67 45 - 84 M/F Caucasian TEE
Elderly Tomioka (2011)[85] IPAQ-s (Japanese version) Japan Sedentary, leisure, household, occupation, transportation 325 65 - 89 M/F Japanese MET-min/week
Elderly Washburn (1999)[86] PASE United States Leisure, household, occupation 20 67 - 80 M/F Total PASE scores

Domains named in paper were reclassified, unless the activities were very different from categories used, according to the following system: Occupation: work, school, labour. Transportation: travel, commuting, employment. Household: home/life, housework, caregiving, domestic life, child/elder/self care, cooking, chores, gardening, stair climbing. Leisure: leisure, recreation time. Sports/exercise: play, sports, exercise, workout. Sedentary: sedentary behaviours, e.g. sitting, TV viewing activities, eating, sleeping, bathing, inactivity.

– = not stated, M = Male, F = Female.

Helmerhorst et al.

Helmerhorst et al. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2012 9:103   doi:10.1186/1479-5868-9-103

Open Data