Table 1

Characteristics of the 131 included studies ordered by European region
Author, year of publication Country of studya Study name Year of data- collection Sample size + characteristicb Age % Malec Responsec SEP indicatord PA domaine
EU wide studies
Martinez-Gonzales et al., 2001 [54] EU – 15 countries Pan-European Union survey 1997 n= 15239 15+ 47% NP Education TLTPA
Ståhl et al., 2001 [60] BEL, FIN, DEU, NLD, ESP, SWI MAREPS project 1997-98 n= 3343 18+ 43% 54% Education TPA
Van Tuyckom & Scheerder, 2008 [61] EU – 27 countries Eurobarometer 64.3 2005 n= 26688 15+ NP NP Education Social class TLTPA
Van Tuyckom & Scheerder, 2010a [62] EU – 27 countries Eurobarometer 64.3 2005 n= 26362 15+ NP NP Social class TLTPA
Van Tuyckom & Scheerder, 2010b [55] EU – 27 countries Eurobarometer 64.3 2005 n= 26688 15+ NP NP Education OPA TLTPA AT
Varo et al., 2003 [56] EU – 15 countries Pan-European Union survey 1997 n= 15239 15+ 47% NP Education TLTPA
Western European region
Addor et al., 2003 [63] SWI Health examination survey of adults (MONICA project) 1992-93 n= 1550 25-64 49% 53% Education VLTPA
Bertrais et al., 2004 [64] FRA SUVIMAX study 1998 n= 7404 45-68 46% NP Education TLTPA
Chaix & Chauvin, 2003 [65] FRA 2000 French Health Monitoring Survey 2000 n= 12948 16+ 49% 66% Education Income TLTPA
Dragano et al., 2007 [66] DEU, CZE

DEU: Heinz Nixdorf Recall (HNR) Study

CZE: Health, Alcohol & Psychosocial Factors in Eastern Europe (HAPIEE)

DEU: 2000-03 n DEU = 4032 45-69 DEU: 49% DEU: 56% Education Neighb. SEP TLTPA
CZE: 2002-05 n CZE = 7522 CZE: 45% CZE: 55%
Drieskens et al., 2010 [67] BEL Belgian Health Interview Survey (HIS) 1997 n 1997 = 7431 15+ NP 60% Education TLTPA
2001 n 2001 = 8142
2004 n 2004 = 7459
Galobardes et al., 2003 [68] SWI Bus Santé 1993-2000 1993-2000 n= 8194 35-74 51% 57-65% Education Social class VLTPA
Kamphuis et al., 2008 [52] NLD Dutch GLOBE study 2004 2004 n= 3839 25-75 48% 64% Income Education VLTPA
Kamphuis et al., 2009 [51] NLD Dutch GLOBE study 2004 2004 n= 1994 55-75 48% 62% Income Education TLTPA
van Lenthe et al., 2005 [47] NLD Dutch GLOBE study 1991 1991 n= 8767 20-69 NP 70% Neighb. SEP TLTPA VLTPA AT
Meyer et al., 2005 [69] SWI Swiss Health Survey 2002 2002 n= 8405 50+ 45% NP Income Education VLTPA
community residents
Nocon et al., 2008 [70] DEU German National Health Survey 1998 n= 7124 18-79 48% NP Income Education Social class VLTPA
van Oort et al., 2004 [71] NLD Dutch GLOBE study 1991 1991 n= 16980 15-74 49% 70% Education TLTPA
Rathmann et al., 2005 [72] DEU KORA (=Cooperative Health Research in the Region of Augsburg) Survey 2000 n= 1653 55-74 51% 62% Income Education Social class TLTPA
Ribet et al., 2001 [73] FRA

GAZEL study (G)

MONICA – France (M)

G: 1989-92

M: 1994-97

n G = 9486

n M = 534

working, living in couple

40-50 100%

G: 44-87%

M: 51-77%

Social class TLTPA
Scheerder et al., 2002 [74] BEL Sports participation in Flanders 1969 1979 1989 1999 n 1969 = 7479 NP 50% 71-89% Education Social class VLTPA
- Leuven Growth Study of Flemish Girls n 1979 = 18629
- Study on Movement Activities in Flanders n 1989 = 7957
n 1999 = 9143
parents of school children
Scheerder et al., 2005 [75] BEL Sports participation in Flanders 1979 1989 1999 n 1979 = 19396 NP 50% 71-89% Education Social class VLTPA
- Leuven Growth Study of Flemish Girls n 1989 = 8624
- Study on Movement Activities in Flanders n 1999 = 10356
parents of school children
Schneider & Becker, 2005 [76] DEU German National Health Survey 1998 n= 3323 employed 18-69 56% 61% Income Education Social class Individual SEP VLTPA
Van Dyck et al., 2010 [23] BEL Belgian Environmental Physical Activity Study (BEPAS) 2007-08 n= 1166 20-65 48% 58% Education Neighb. SEP TLTPA AT
Verdaet et al., 2004 [77] BEL BELSTRESS study (subsample) NP n= 892 working men 35-59 100% NP Education TLTPA
de Vries et al., 2008 [78] NLD SMILE study 2002 n= 9449 12+ 42% NP Education TPA
Wagner et al., 2003 [79] FRA IRE PRIME Study – France NP n FRA = 7359 50-59 100% NP Education Household wealth TLTPA VLTPA AT
PRIME Study – Ireland n IRE = 2398
Eastern European region
Drygas et al., 2009 [31] POL National Polish Health Survey, (WOBASZ, Project) 2002-05 n= 12552 20-74 47% 74-79% Income Education TLTPA
Frömel et al., 2009 [80] CZE Czech physical activity, environment and SES study NP n= 9950 25-64 49% 58% Individual SEP TPA VLTPA
Jurakić et al., 2009 [81] HRZ Croatian physical activity study 2007 n= 1032 15+ 48% NP Income Education TPA OPA TLTPA AT
Kaleta & Jegier, 2005 [32] POL Physical activity in Poland NP n= 508 employed adults (42 ± 10) 54% 47% Income Education TLTPA
Kaleta & Jegier, 2007 [82] POL Physical activity in Poland NP n= 954 25-64 47% 48% Income Education TLTPA
Kwaśniewska et al., 2010 [28] POL The National Multicentre Health Survey (WOBASZ Project) 2004-05 n= 7280 works/ studies outside home 20-74 51% 74-79% Income Education AT
Leskošek et al., 2002 [83] SVN Sport participation in the Republic of Slovenia 1998 n= 1768 18+ 52% 59% Education VLTPA
Mišigoj-Durakoviæ et al., 2000 [84] HRZ Zagreb study 1999 n= 594 employed 20-65 50% 20% Education OPA TLTPA VLTPA
Nowak, 2010 [85] POL Western Poland active lifestyle survey 2000-06 n= 3662 20-75 all female NP Education VLTPA
Paulik et al., 2010 [86] HUN Health survey rural Hungary 2006 n= 3380 living in small settlements 18+ 47% 83% Education Household wealth VLTPA
Pomerleau et al., 2000 [87] EST LVA LTU Three national surveys of adults 1997 n EST = 2018 19-65 EST: 45% EST: 67% Income Education TLTPA VLTPA
n LVA = LVA: LVA:
2303 46% 78%
n LTU = 2140 LTU: 44% LTU: 73%
Puska et al., 2003 [88] EST LTU FIN Finbalt project 1994, 1996, 1998 n EST = 3808 20-64 EST: 44% EST: 68-83% Education TLTPA
n LTU = 5716 LTU: 44% LTU: 62-69%
n FIN = 9608 FIN: 48% FIN: 70-72%
Shapo et al., 2004 [89] ALB Health behaviours and health status in Tirana City 2001 n= 1120 25+ 48% 73% Income Education TLTPA
Stelmach et al., 2004 [90] POL CINDI programme (Countrywide Integrated Noncommunicable Disease Intervention Programme) 2001-02 n= 1837 18-64 54% NP Income Education TLTPA
Zaletel-Kragelj et al., 2006 [91] SVN CINDI Health Monitor 2001 n= 7718 without disability 25-64 47% 64% Education Social class TPA
Southern European region
Artazcoz et al., 2004 [92] ESP Catalonian Health Survey (CHS) 1994 n= 2866 workers and housewives 25-64 all female NP Education VLTPA
Bolívar et al., 2010 [93] ESP Andalusia Health Survey 1999, 2003 n= 13193 16+ 49% NP Education Social class Neighb. SEP TLTPA
Borrell et al., 2000a [94] ESP Barcelona Health Interview Survey 1992 n= 4171 14+ 47% 91% Occupation TPA VLTPA
Borrell et al., 2000b [95] ESP Barcelona Health Interview Survey 1986 n 1986 = 7907 14+ 1986: 46% 88-93% Occupation TPA
1992 n 1992 = 5004 1992: 47%
1994 n 1994 = 2155 1994: 44%
De Vogli et al., 2005 [96] ITA Health Determinants Surveillance System (HDSS) Survey 2003 n= 3327 18-91 52% 57% Social class TLTPA
Gal et al., 2005 [97] PRT Porto health survey NP n= 2004 18+ 39% 70% Education Social class TPA TLTPA
Lera-López & Rapún- Gárate, 2005 [98] ESP Sport participation and consumer expenditure in Navarra, Spain 2004 n= 700 16-65 NP NP Income Education VLTPA
Meseguer et al., 2009 [99] ESP Non-communicable Disease Risk Factor Surveillance System (NCDRFSS) 2000-05 n= 12037 18-64 49% 65% Education TLTPA
Panagiotakos et al., 2008a [100] GRC ATTICA study 2001-02 n= 3042 18+ 50% 75% Education TPA
Panagiotakos et al., 2008b [101] GRC ATTICA study 2001-02 n= 3042 18+ 50% 75% Education TPA
Pascual et al., 2007 [102] ESP Spanish Health Study 2001 n= 19324 16-74 49% 85% Income Education Social class Neighb. SEP TLTPA
Pascual et al., 2009 [103] ESP General survey on customs regarding media and leisure activities 1999 n= 25982 25-74 49% 70% Income Education Neighb. SEP VLTPA
Pitsavos et al., 2005 [104] GRC ATTICA study 2001-02 n= 3042 20-89 50% 75% Income Education Social class VLTPA
Santos et al., 2009 [105] PRT Azorean Physical Activity and Health Study 2004 n= 9991 18-65 43% 88% Income Education TPA
Schröder et al., 2004 [106] ESP Gerona cardiovascular risk factor and lifestyle study 1994-96 n= 1748 25-74 48% 73% Education TLTPA VLTPA
Scandinavian region
Ali & Lindström, 2006 [107] SWE 2000 public health survey in Scania 2000 n= 5180 workforce or unemployed 18-64 56% 59% Education TLTPA
Andersen et al., 2000 [108] DNK Copenhagen City Heart Study (CCHS) 1964-92 n= 30640 20-93 56% 69-95% Education TLTPA VLTPA AT
Copenhagen Male Study (CMS)
Glostrup Population Study (GPS) (pooled)
Barengo et al., 2006 [109] FIN National FINRISK Study 1972-97 n= 33712 30-59 49% 71-95% Education Social class TPA
Bergman et al., 2008 [110] SWE International Prevalence Study (IPS) Sweden 2003 n= 1470 18-74 47% 59% Income Education TPA
Borodulin et al., 2008 [111] FIN National FINRISK Study 2002 n= 4437 25-64 44% 59-70% Education TLTPA
Cubbin et al., 2006 [112] SWE Swedish Annual Level of Living Survey 1996-2000 n= 10890 25-64 49% 80% Individual SEP Neighb. SEP VLTPA
Engström, 2008 [113] SWE Sport Habitus Study Sweden 2007 n= 1518 53 NP 77% Education VLTPA
Häkkinen et al., 2006 [114] FIN Northern Finland 1966 Birth Cohort 1998 n= 4343 31 46% 76% Education TLTPA
Henriksson et al., 2003 [115] SWE Cardiovascular Risk Factor Study in Southern Sweden (CRISS) 1990 n 1990 = 37 100% 1990: Education TLTPA
1993 991 40 68%
1996 n 1993 = 770 43 1993: 78% *
n 1996 = 702 1996: 71% *
*of baseline
Hu et al., 200 [37] FIN National FINRISK Study 1982, 1987, 1992 n= 14290 35-64 48% 74-88% Education OPA TLTPA AT
Kivimäki et al., 2007 [116] FIN Finnish Public Sector Study 2000-02 n= 48592 17-65 19% 68% Individual SEP TPA
Korniloff et al., 2010 [117] FIN Finnish type 2 diabetes (FIN-D2D) survey 2007 n= 2778 45–74 47% 64% Income Education TLTPA
Laaksonen et al., 2002 [118] FIN Finnish Adult Health Behaviour Survey 1991-98 n= 26014 civil servants 15-64 47% 69-76% Education TLTPA
Laaksonen et al., 2008 [119] FIN Finnish Adult Health Behaviour Survey 1979-2001 n= 60608 25-64 48% 62-86% Education TLTPA
Lagerros et al., 2009 [120] SWE The Swedish National March Cohort 1997 n= 42150 18-94 36% NP Education TPA
Leijon et al., 2010 [121] SWE Public Health Survey Ostergotland County 2006 n= 6966 18-84 45% 54% Education Self-reported economy TPA
Lindström et al., 2001 [122] SWE The Malmö Diet and Cancer Study 1992-94 n= 11837 45-65 45% 39% Social class TLTPA
Lindström et al., 2003a [123] SWE The Malmö Public Health Survey 1986, 1994 n= 3861 21-81 47% 71-74% Education TLTPA
Lindström et al., 2003b [124] SWE The Malmö Public Health Survey 1994 n= 3377 20-80 NP 71% Education TLTPA
Mäkinen et al., 2009 [125] FIN Finnish Adult Health Behaviour Survey 1978-2002 n= 50815 employed 25-64 50% 62-86% Income Education Social class TLTPA AT
Mäkinen et al., 2010a [126] FIN The Health 2000 Survey 2000-01 n=3355 employed 30+ 46% 85-89% Social class OPA TLTPA
Mäkinen et al., 2010b [127] FIN The Health 2000 Survey 2000-01 n= 7112 30+ 45% 84-89% Income Education Social class TLTPA
Mäkinen et al., 2010c [128] FIN National FINRISK study 2002 n= 4408 25-64 44% 60-70% Education TLTPA
Molarius, 2003 [129] SWE Varmland County Survey 2000 n= 6394 25-74 47% 70% Education TLTPA
Nielsen et al., 2006 [130] DNK Odense Androgen Study 2002, 2003 n= 783 20-29 100% 73% Education TLTPA
Norman et al., 2002 [131] SWE COSM (cohort of Swedish men) 1997 n= 33466 45-79 100% 48% Education TPA TLTPA
Novak et al., 2006 [132] SWE Swedish Cohort Study 1981, 1995 n= 1044 16, 30 52% 96% Education TPA
Orsini et al., 2007 [133] SWE Swedish Mammography Study (SMC97) 1997 n= 38988 40-75 all female 70% Education TPA
Osler et al., 2000 [134] DNK MONICA – Denmark 1982-1984, 1987, 1991-92 n= 6695 30, 40, 50, 60 50% 73-79% Education TLTPA
Osler et al., 2001 [135] DNK Children of the Copenhagen City Heart Study 1992 n= 317 19-31 51% 52% Education TLTPA
Osler et al., 2008 [136] DNK Metropolit cohort (1965) 2004 n= 6292 51 100% 66% Education TLTPA
Petersen et al., 2010 [137] DNK Danish National Health Interview Survey 1987 n 1987 = 4752 16+ 49% 1987: 80% Education TLTPA
1994 n 1994 = 4667 1994: 78%
2000 n 2000 = 16688 2000: 74%
2005 n 2005 = 14566 2005: 67%
Piro et al., 2007 [138] NOR Oslo Health Study (HUBRO) 2000 n= 14608 30, 40, 45, 60 45% 46% Income Education Neighb. SEP VLTPA
Pudaric et al., 2000 [139] SWE Migrants in Sweden Study 1988-89 n= 3100 55-74 47% 80% Income TPA
Pulkki et al., 2003a [140] FIN Cardiovascular Risks in Young Finns (CRYF) study 1983, 1992 n= 1219 12-21, 21-30 44% 62% Individual SEP TLTPA
Pulkki et al., 2003b [141] FIN Cardiovascular Risks in Young Finns (CRYF) study 1983, 1992 n= 1125 12-21, 21-30 58% 57% Education TLTPA
Salonen et al., 2010 [142] FIN Sub-study of the Helsinki Birth Cohort Study 2001-04 n= 1967 57-71 46% NP Education Social class TLTPA
Schnohr et al., 2004 [143] DNK Copenhagen City Heart Study (CCHS) 1967-86 n= 30635 20-93 53% NP Education TLTPA
Copenhagen Male Study (CMS)
Glostrup Population Study (GPS) (pooled)
Simonen et al., 2003 [144] FIN Finnish Twin Cohort 1975, 1981 n= 224 monozygotic twins 35-69 NP 82% Education VLTPA
Sjögren & Stjernberg, 2010 [145] SWE Swedish National Study on Aging and Care (SNAC) 2001-03 n= 999 60-96 45% 61% Education TLTPA
Strand & Tverdal, 2004 [146] NOR Cardiovascular disease study in Norway 1970 n= 44684 35-49 51% 91% Education TLTPA
Strandhagen et al., 2010 [147] SWE The INTERGENE research programme 2001-04 n= 3581 25-74 47% 42% Education TLTPA
Suadicani et al., 2001 [42] DNK Copenhagen Male Study 1970-71 n= 5028 40-59 100% 87% Social class OPA TLTPA
Suadicani et al., 2005 [148] DNK Copenhagen Male Study 1970-71 1985-86 n= 3290 40-74 100% 75-87% Social class TLTPA
Tammelin et al., 2003 [149] FIN Northern Finland 1966 Birth Cohort 1998 n= 7794 31 46% 75% Education TLTPA
Wang et al., 2010 [34] FIN National FINRISK Study (pooled data) 1972, 1977, 1982, 1987, 1992, 1997, 2002 n= 58208 24-74 49% 65-88% Education OPA TLTPA AT
Wemme & Rosvall, 2005 [150] SWE Scania Health Survey 1999-2000 n= 7169 employed NP 54% 59% Education Social class TLTPA
Anglo-Saxon region
Adams, 2009 [151] GBR English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA) 2002 n= 10864 50+ 47% NP Education TPA
Adams, 2010 [29] GBR 2005 UK Time Use Survey (part of National Statistics Omnibus Survey) 2005 n= 3933 16+ 48% 49% Education Social class AT
Allender et al., 2008 [15] GBR Health Survey for England 2003 n= 13974 16+ 45% 66% Education Social class TPA TLTPA
Amuzu et al., 2009 [152] GBR British Women’s Heart and Health Study 1999-2001 n= 3522 60-79 all female NP Individual SEP Neighb. SEP TPA
Bartley et al., 2000 [153] GBR Health and Lifestyle study (HALS) 1984 n 1984 = 2176 20-64 100% NP Social class VLTPA
Health Survey for England (HSfE) 1993 n 1993 = 4723
Bartley et al., 2004 [154] GBR Whitehall II Study 1985-88 n= 5458 civil servants 35-55 74% 73% Social class TLTPA
Chaudhury & Shelton, 2010 [155] GBR Health Survey for England (HSfE) 2006 n= 1550 60-69 46% NP Income Social class Neighb. SEP TPA
Ecob & Macintyre, 2000 [156] GBR West of Scotland 20–07 Study 1987, 1988 n= 3036 15, 35, 55 NP NP Neighb. SEP VLTPA
Harrison et al., 2006 [157] GBR Physical activity in North-West England 2001 n= 15465 18+ 45% 70% Neighb. SEP Home owner TPA
Heslop et al., 2001 [158] GBR Cohort of workers recruited from workplaces in Western Scotland between 1970 and 1973 1970-73 n= 958 employed working age all female 70% Education Social class Neighb. SEP TLTPA
Hillsdon et al., 2008 [159] GBR British Women's Heart and Health Study 1999-2001 n= 4286 60-79 all female NP Individual SEP Neighb. SEP TPA
Lahelma et al., 2010 [160] GBR FIN The London-based Whitehall II study (WHII) WHII: 1997-99 n WHII= 2678 WHII: 45–

WHII: 76%

HHS:

WHII: 73%

HHS:

Social class TLTPA
67%
The Helsinki Health Study (HHS) 17%
HHS: 2001-02 n HHS= 8960 60
white collar employees HHS: 40-60
Livingstone et al., 2001 [161] IRL North/South Ireland Food Consumption Survey (NSIFCS) 1997-99 n= 1379 18-64 48% NP Social class VLTPA
Lunn, 2010 [162] IRL The Survey of Sport and Physical Exercise 2003 n= 2896 18+ NP 67% Income Education VLTPA
Mein et al., 2005 [163] GBR Whitehall II study 1997-99 n= 6224 45-69 72% 71% Social class TLTPA
civil servants
Mullineaux et al., 2001 [164] GBR Allied Dunbar National Fitness Survey of English Adults (ADNFS) 1990 n= 2005 16+ NP NP Education TPA
Mutrie & Hannah, 2004 [165] GBR West of Scotland Twenty-07 study (3rd wave) 1995-96 n= 2153 24, 44, 64 42% NP Social class OPA TLTPA
Myint et al., 2006 [166] GBR EPIC study 1993-97 n= 23085 40-79 46% NP Social class TPA
Poortinga, 2007 [167] GBR Health Survey for England 2003 n= 11617 16-64 NP NP Social class OPA VLTPA
Popham & Mitchell, 2006 [168] GBR British Household Panel Survey 1996, 1998, 2000, 2002 n= 9473 18-64 48% 74% Income Education Social class School type (fee-paying) TLTPA
Popham & Mitchell, 2007 [16] GBR 2003 Scottish Health Survey (SHS) 2003 n= 5287 25-64 44% 60% Individual SEP TPA OPA VLTPA
Popham, 2010 [169] GBR 2003 Scottish Health Survey (SHS) 2003 n= 2770 35-54 NP 60% Social class VLTPA
Stamatakis & Chaudhury, 2008 [170] GBR Health Survey for England (HSfE) 1997, 1998, 2003, 2004, 2006 n= 60938 16+ 45% 61-71% Income Education Social class VLTPA
Stringhini et al., 2010 [3] GBR Whitehall II cohort 1985-88 n= 9590 35-55 68% 73% Social class TLTPA
civil servants
Wardle & Griffith, 2001 [171] GBR British Omnibus Study 1999 n= 1790 16+ 50% 70% Social class VLTPA
Wardle & Steptoe, 2003 [172] GBR British Omnibus Study 2000 n= 1691 16+ 45% 62% Social class VLTPA
Watt et al., 2009 [173] GBR British Women’s Heart and Health Study 1999-2001 n= 3523 60-79 all female NP Individual SEP TPA

a EU = European Union, ALB = Albania, BEL = Belgium, CZE = Czech Republic, DEU = Germany , DNK = Denmark, ESP = Spain, EST = Estonia, FIN = Finland, FRA = France, GBR = United Kingdom, GRC = Greece, HRZ = Croatia (local name is Hrvatska), HUN = Hungary, IRL = Ireland, ITA = Italy, LTU = Lithuania, LVA = Latvia, NLD = The Netherlands, NOR = Norway, POL = Poland, PRT = Portugal, SVN = Slovenia, SWE = Sweden, SWI = Switzerland.

b Sample characteristics only provided when a specific subsample from the population was studied (e.g. working people, civil servants, etc.).

c NP = Not Provided.

d SEP = socioeconomic position, Neighb. = neighbourhood, Individual SEP = composite measure of different individual SEP indicators.

e PA = Physical Activity, TPA = Total Physical Activity, OPA = Occupational Physical Activity, TLTPA = Total Leisure-time Physical Activity, VLTPA = Vigorous Leisure-time Physical Activity, AT = Active Transport.

Beenackers et al.

Beenackers et al. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2012 9:116   doi:10.1186/1479-5868-9-116

Open Data