Table 3

Frequencies of behaviour change techniques that were used in the interventions
Technique Self-efficacy (k = 61 comparisons) Physical activity (k = 42 comparisons)
N % N %
5. Goal setting (behaviour) 48 78.7% 34 81%
16. Prompt self-monitoring of behaviour 45 73.8% 29 69%
26. Prompt practice 42 68.9% 27 64.3%
8. Barrier Identification/Problem solving 39 63.9% 24 57.1%
35. Relapse prevention/coping planning 38 62.3% 25 59.5%
21. Provide instruction on how to perform the behaviour 37 60.7% 22 52.4%
29. Plan social support/social change 34 55.7% 21 50%
1. Provide information on consequences of behaviour in general 33 54.1% 20 47.6%
2. Provide information on consequences of behaviour for the individual 30 49.2% 16 38.1%
9. Set graded tasks 28 45.9% 17 40.5%
10. Prompt review of behavioural goals 26 42.6% 14 33.3%
38. Time management 26 42.6% 16 38.1%
6. Goal Setting (outcome) 23 37.7% 12 28.6%
12. Prompt rewards contingent on effort or progress towards behaviour 23 37.7% 11 26.2%
19. Provide feedback on performance 23 37.7% 11 26.2%
33. Prompt self-talk 22 36.1% 11 26.2%
36. Stress Management/emotional control training 22 36.1% 12 28.6%
13. Provide rewards contingent on successful behaviour 19 31.1% 9 21.4%
23. Teach to use prompts/cues 18 29.5% 7 16.7%
25. Agree behavioural contract 17 27.9% 5 11.9%
7. Action planning 12 19.7% 7 16.7%
22. Model/demonstrate the behaviour 10 16.4% 9 21.4%
28. Facilitate social comparison 7 11.5% 6 14.3%
20. Provide information on where and when to perform the behaviour 4 6.6% 4 9.5%
37. Motivational interviewing 4 6.6% 3 7.1%
15. Prompting generalisation of a target behaviour 3 4.9% 3 7.1%
17. Prompt self-monitoring of behavioural outcome 2 3.3% 2 4.8%
27. Use of follow up prompts 2 3.3% 1 2.4%
11. Prompt review of outcome goals 1 1.6% 1 2.4%
18. Prompting focus on past success 1 1.6% 0 0%
24. Environmental restructuring 1 1.6% 0 0%
39. General communication skills training 1 1.6% 1 2.4%
3. Provide information about others’ approval 0 0% 0 0%
4. Provide normative information about others’ behaviour 0 0% 0 0%
14. Shaping 0 0% 0 0%
30. Prompt identification as role model/position advocate 0 0% 0 0%
31. Prompt anticipated regret 0 0% 0 0%
32. Fear arousal 0 0% 0 0%
34. Prompt use of imagery 0 0% 0 0%
40. Stimulate anticipation of future rewards 0 0% 0 0%

Olander et al.

Olander et al. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2013 10:29   doi:10.1186/1479-5868-10-29

Open Data