Table 1

Safety items used in the present study
Adult sample Older adult sample
Crime safety
1. There is a high crime rate in my neighborhood. 1. There is a high crime rate in my neighborhood.
2. The crime rate in my neighborhood makes it unsafe to go on walks during the day. 2. The crime rate in my neighborhood makes it unsafe to go on walks during the day.
3. The crime rate in my neighborhood makes it unsafe to go on walks at night. 3. The crime rate in my neighborhood makes it unsafe to go on walks at night.
4. My neighborhood is safe enough so that I would let a 10-year-old boy walk around my block alone in the daytimea. 4. There are alleys between buildings that make it unsafe to walk in my neighborhooda.
5. There are teenagers hanging out that make it unsafe to walk in my neighborhooda.
Pedestrian safety
1. My neighborhood streets are well lit at night. 1. My neighborhood streets are well lit at night.
2. Walkers and bikers on the streets in my neighborhood can be easily seen by people in their homes. 2. Walkers and bikers on the streets in my neighborhood can be easily seen by people in their homes.
3. There are unattended or stray dogs in my neighborhood. 3. Stray or loose dogs can be a problem in my neighborhood.
4. There are crosswalks and pedestrian signals to help walkers cross busy streets in my neighborhood. 4. Pedestrian signals in my neighborhood give me enough time to cross the roada.
5. The crosswalks in my neighborhood help walkers feel safe crossing busy streets. 5. The crosswalks in my neighborhood are designed for people who don’t see well because they have things like beeps that tell you when to cross.a
6. When walking in my neighborhood there are a lot of exhaust fumes (such as from cars, buses). 6. At major intersections in my neighborhood, there are islands in the middle of the road where pedestrians can safely stop after crossing half waya.
7. I see and speak to other people when I am walking in my neighborhood. 7. I have to cross many busy streets to get to places like shops in my neighborhooda.
8. Cars going across sidewalks to get to driveways and parking lots make it difficult to walk in my neighborhooda.
9. There are curb cuts (ramps) that go from sidewalk level to road level in my neighborhooda.
Traffic safety
1. There is so much traffic along the street I live on that it makes it difficult or unpleasant to walk in my neighborhood. 1. There is so much traffic along nearby streets that it makes it difficult or unpleasant to walk in my neighborhood.
2. There is so much traffic along nearby streets that it makes it difficult or unpleasant to walk in my neighborhood. 2. The speed of traffic on most nearby streets is usually slow (30 mph or less).
3. Most drivers exceed the posted speed limits while driving in my neighborhood. 3. Most drivers exceed the posted speed limits while driving in my neighborhood.
4. The speed of traffic on the street I live on is usually slow (30 mph or less).
5. The speed of traffic on most nearby streets is usually slow (30 mph or less).

aDerived for present study.

Note: All items were scored on a 4-point scale ranging from strongly disagree to strongly agree; scales were scored so that higher numbers represented greater perceived safety.

Bracy et al.

Bracy et al. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2014 11:24   doi:10.1186/1479-5868-11-24

Open Data