Open Access Research

Effectiveness of a worksite mindfulness-based multi-component intervention on lifestyle behaviors

Jantien van Berkel12, Cécile RL Boot12*, Karin I Proper12, Paulien M Bongers23 and Allard J van der Beek12

Author Affiliations

1 Department of Public and Occupational Health - EMGO Institute for Health and Care Research, VU University Medical Center, van der Boechorststraat 7, 1081 BT, Amsterdam, the Netherlands

2 Body@Work, Research Center on Physical Activity, Work and Health, TNO-VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, the Netherlands

3 Department of Work and Employment, TNO Quality of Life, Hoofddorp, the Netherlands

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International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2014, 11:9  doi:10.1186/1479-5868-11-9

Published: 27 January 2014

Abstract

Introduction

Overweight and obesity are associated with an increased risk of morbidity. Mindfulness training could be an effective strategy to optimize lifestyle behaviors related to body weight gain. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a worksite mindfulness-based multi-component intervention on vigorous physical activity in leisure time, sedentary behavior at work, fruit intake and determinants of these behaviors. The control group received information on existing lifestyle behavior- related facilities that were already available at the worksite.

Methods

In a randomized controlled trial design (n = 257), 129 workers received a mindfulness training, followed by e-coaching, lunch walking routes and fruit. Outcome measures were assessed at baseline and after 6 and 12 months using questionnaires. Physical activity was also measured using accelerometers. Effects were analyzed using linear mixed effect models according to the intention-to-treat principle. Linear regression models (complete case analyses) were used as sensitivity analyses.

Results

There were no significant differences in lifestyle behaviors and determinants of these behaviors between the intervention and control group after 6 or 12 months. The sensitivity analyses showed effect modification for gender in sedentary behavior at work at 6-month follow-up, although the main analyses did not.

Conclusions

This study did not show an effect of a worksite mindfulness-based multi-component intervention on lifestyle behaviors and behavioral determinants after 6 and 12 months. The effectiveness of a worksite mindfulness-based multi-component intervention as a health promotion intervention for all workers could not be established.