Table 4

Likelihood of change in determinants in the first time lapse and change in F&V intake frequency in the same time lapse, and later in time estimated with multinomial multilevel analyses, separately for children of the Schoolgruiten Project and the Pro Children Study

Change in determinants of F&V intake in first time lapse

Stable high/increase in fruit intake frequency in first time lapse

Stable high/increase in vegetable intake frequency in first time lapse

Stable high/increase in fruit intake frequency in second time lapse

Stable high/increase in vegetable intake frequency in second time lapse






Schoolgruiten Project






N

OR

95% CI

N

OR

95% CI

N

OR

95% CI

N

OR

95% CI

Liking

Decreased (2)

-

-

-

43

1.00

-

-

-

-

43

1.00

-

Stable low (1) (decreased (1))

68

1.00

-

98

1.03

0.61 – 1.73

68

1.00

-

98

0.76

0.46 – 1.26

Stable high – increased (0)

220

2.89

1.64 – 5.09

111

4.14

2.44 – 7.02

220

1.93

1.10 – 3.40

111

1.30

0.79 – 2.14

Knowledge

Decreased/stable low (1)

91

1.00

-

176

1.00

-

91

1.00

-

176

1.00

-

Stable high – increased (0)

172

1.64

0.97 – 2.79

76

1.59

0.88 – 2.87

172

0.88

0.52 – 1.50

76

1.43

0.79 – 2.58

Taking fruit with-out asking

Decreased/stable low (1)

57

1.00

-

-

-

-

57

1.00

-

-

-

-

Stable high – increased (0)

225

1.18

0.63 – 2.18

-

-

-

225

1.21

0.65 – 2.24

-

-

-

Availability at home

Decreased/stable low (1)

55

1.00

-

-

-

-

55

1.00

-

-

-

-

Stable high – increased (0)

230

2.97

1.61 – 5.46

-

-

-

230

1.51

0.82 – 2.78

-

-

-






Pro Children Study






N

OR

95% CI

N

OR

95% CI

N

OR

95% CI

N

OR

95% CI

Liking

Decreased/stable low (1)

72

1.00

-

117

1.00

-

72

1.00

-

117

1.00

-

Stable high – increased (0)

118

3.39

1.80 – 6.37

85

1.40

0.77 – 2.54

118

3.23

1.69 – 6.15

85

1.62

0.90 – 2.93

Knowledge

Decreased (2)

-

-

-

44

1.00

-

-

-

-

44

1.00

-

Stable low (1) (decreased (1))

47

1.00

-

100

0.57

0.33 – 1.01

47

1.00

-

100

1.07

0.61 – 1.86

Stable high – increased (0)

166

1.79

0.91 – 3.52

67

0.93

0.51 – 1.69

166

1.59

0.81 – 3.14

67

1.36

0.75 – 2.46

General self-efficacy

Decreased/stable low (1)

63

1.00

-

85

1.00

-

63

1.00

-

85

1.00

-

Stable high – increased (0)

139

2.19

1.17 – 4.10

118

1.38

0.76 – 2.49

139

1.60

0.86 – 3.00

118

1.33

0.75 – 2.35

Modeling

Decreased/stable low (1)

110

1.00

-

95

1.00

-

110

1.00

-

95

1.00

-

Stable high – increased (0)

80

1.16

0.64 – 2.13

101

2.29

1.27 – 4.14

80

1.75

0.94 – 3.25

101

1.48

0.83 – 2.64

Active encourage

Decreased/stable low (1)

100

1.00

-

86

1.00

-

100

1.00

-

86

1.00

-

Stable high – increased (0)

103

1.78

1.00 – 3.16

122

1.96

1.10 – 3.50

103

1.79

1.00 – 3.21

122

1.63

0.92 – 2.88

Facilitation

Decreased (2)

81

1.00

-

78

1.00

-

81

1.00

-

78

1.00

-

Stable low (1) (decreased (1))

54

0.84

0.44 – 1.60

66

0.80

0.43 – 1.46

54

0.78

0.41 – 1.49

66

0.76

0.42 – 1.38

Stable high – increased (0)

77

1.64

0.92 – 2.94

64

2.57

1.32 – 4.98

77

1.77

0.97 – 3.22

64

2.12

1.12 – 4.01

Demand family rule

Decreased (2)

53

1.00

-

-

-

-

53

1.00

-

-

-

-

Stable low (1) (decreased (1))

52

0.64

0.33 – 1.24

77

1.00

-

52

0.85

0.45 – 1.61

77

1.00

-

Stable high – increased (0)

106

2.63

1.48 – 4.68

138

3.10

1.66 – 5.79

106

1.66

0.95 – 2.91

138

3.06

1.64 – 5.68

Allow family rule

Decreased/stable low (1)

31

1.00

-

64

1.00

-

31

1.00

-

64

1.00

-

Stable high – increased (0)

180

0.70

0.32 – 1.54

150

1.72

0.94 – 3.16

180

1.76

0.80 – 3.91

150

1.94

1.06 – 3.55

Availability at home

Decreased/stable low (1)

75

1.00

-

80

1.00

-

75

1.00

-

80

1.00

-

Stable high – increased (0)

112

2.38

1.29 – 4.40

115

1.47

0.79 – 2.71

112

1.38

0.76 – 2.53

115

2.14

1.17 – 3.91


OR – odds ration for comparison with the control group; CI, confidence interval.

Analyses are adjusted for children's age, gender, region of residence of the children (only in the Schoolgruiten study), and parental educational level

Tak et al. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2008 5:21   doi:10.1186/1479-5868-5-21

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