Table 5

Summary of Correlates of Fat Intake among Children and Adolescents

Determinant Variable

Association (Reference no.)

No association (Reference no.)


Attitudes

Neg assoc:[74]

Availability (Reported by Parent)

[45]fjv, [39]veg, [39]fruit, [39]fat foods

Conformity to Parents

[49]boys, [49]girls

Eat to Improve Mood

Pos assoc: [52]

Healthful Rules (Reported by Parent)

Neg assoc: [100]total, [100]boys

[100]girls

Intention

Neg assoc: [104]to eat healthy

[74]to change behavior

Knowledge

[61]total, [61]saturated, [75]total, [75]%energy from fat

Liking Healthy Foods

[75]total, [75]%energy from fat,

Modeling

Neg assoc: [58]friend

[74]mother, [74]father, [75]total, [75]%energy from fat

Modeling (Reported by Other)

Pos assoc: [54]mother boys, [54]mother girls

[52]parents, [54]father boys, [54]father girls, [54]friend

Norms

[74]

Parental Control over Diet

Pos assoc: [111]general

Neg assoc: [111]over fat

Preferences

Pos assoc: [56]fat

[75]total daily fat, [75]%energy from fat,

Regret/Avoid Eating

[52]

Self-Competence

Pos assoc: [52]social

Self-Efficacy

Neg assoc: [62,49]boys, [75]%energy from fat,

[74,49]girls, [75]total daily fat

Social Desirability

[45]

Social Support

Pos assoc: [89]friend, [89]family/friend

[74,38]family, [89]family, [100]family

Stage of Change

Neg assoc: [58]


McClain et al. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2009 6:54   doi:10.1186/1479-5868-6-54

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