Table 7

Summary of Correlates of Sugar Snacking among Children and Adolescents

Determinant Variable

Association (Reference no.)

No association (Reference no.)


Attitude

Neg assoc: [102,37,85]

Availability

Pos assoc: [43]girls

[43]boys

Barriers

[37]

Behavioral Control

Pos assoc: [102]

[103]

Conformity to Parents

[49]boys, [49]girls

Evaluation of Child's Diet as Healthy (Reported by Parent)

Neg assoc: [109]

Intention

Pos assoc: [103]to consume sugar snacks and drinks,

[102]to consume sugar snacks and drinks,

[76]to consume sugar snacks

Lack of Family Conflict

Neg assoc: [43]girls

[43]boys

Liking

Pos assoc: [60]

Liking (As Perceived by Parent)

Pos assoc: [60]mother

Modeling

Pos assoc: [113]peer

Modeling (Reported by Parent)

Pos assoc: [43]mother boys

[43]mother girls, [60]mother

Norms

[37,45]fjv

Knowledge

Neg assoc: [50]

[60,85]

Knowledge of parent

[60]mother

Outcome Expectations

Neg assoc: [60]health

[85]

Outcome Expectations of parents

[60]mother

Parental Pressure to Eat More Food

Pos assoc: [43]boys

[43]girls

Parenting Style (Reported by Parent)

[43]authoritarian boys, [43]authoritarian girls

Perceived Risk

Pos assoc: [37]

Self-Efficacy in making healthy food choices

Neg assoc: [49]boys, [49]girls

[85]

Self-Evaluation

Neg assoc: [109]of diet

[109]negative, [109]of health


McClain et al. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2009 6:54   doi:10.1186/1479-5868-6-54

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