Table 1

Partially and fully adjusted multilevel models examining the association between four different measures of spatial access to parks/green space and childhood overweight/obesity.

Partially Adjusted (Sex and Income)

Fully Adjusted (Sex, Income, Education, Visible Minority)

Odds Ratio (95% CI)

P-value

Odds Ratio (95% CI)

P-value


Park Variable (Parks/10,000)

Parks/10,000 (Low)

1

1

Parks/10,000 (Moderate)

0.84 (0.69-1.01)

p = 0.066

0.89 (0.75-1.06)

p = 0.193

Parks/10,000 (High)

0.92 (0.75-1.15)

p = 0.463

1.02 (0.83-1.26)

p = 0.857

Sex (female)

1.02 (0.88-1.17)

p = 0.830

1.01 (0.88-1.17)

p = 0.856

Income (DA level)

0.10 (1.00-1.00)

p < 0.001

0.10 (1.00-1.00)

p = 0.000

Completed at least Bachelor's degree (%)

-

-

0.26 (0.12-0.55)

p = 0.001

Visible Minority (%)

-

-

1.43 (0.78-2.62)

p = 0.246

Park Variable (Proportion of Park Area)

Proportion of Park Area

0.54 (0.07-3.95)

p = 0.537

0.55 (0.08-3.90)

p = 0.550

Sex (female)

1.01 (0.88-1.17)

p = 0.839

1.01 (0.88-1.17)

p = 0.864

Income (DA level)

0.10 (1.00-1.00)

p < 0.001

0.10 (1.00-1.00)

p = 0.000

Completed at least Bachelor's degree (%)

-

-

0.27 (0.12-0.57)

p = 0.001

Visible Minority (%)

-

-

1.49 (0.81-2.70)

p = 0.199

Park Variable (Average Network Distance)

Average Network Distance to Park (Low)

1

1

Average Network Distance to Park (Moderate)

0.94 (0.77-1.16)

p = 0.564

0.88 (0.72-1.07)

p = 0.190

Average Network Distance to Park (High)

0.88 (0.72-1.07)

p = 0.201

0.87 (0.73-1.04)

p = 0.127

Sex (female)

1.01 (0.88-1.17)

p = 0.858

1.01 (0.88-1.17)

p = 0.900

Income (DA level)

0.10 (1.00-1.00)

p < 0.001

0.10 (1.00-1.00)

p = 0.001

Completed at least Bachelor's degree (%)

-

-

0.25 (0.11-0.55)

p = 0.001

Visible Minority (%)

-

-

1.50 (0.83-2.73)

p = 0.183

Park Variable (Proportion of Park Service Area)

Proportion of Park Service Area

1.35 (0.82-2.22)

p = 0.235

1.35 (0.83-2.18)

p = 0.225

Sex (female)

1.01 (0.88-1.17)

p = 0.855

1.01 (0.88-1.16)

p = 0.879

Income (DA level)

0.10 (1.00-1.00)

p < 0.001

0.10 (1.00-1.00)

p = 0.001

Completed at least Bachelor's degree (%)

-

-

0.27 (0.13-0.56)

p = 0.001

Visible Minority (%)

-

-

1.51 (0.84-2.72)

p = 0.169


Potestio et al. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2009 6:77   doi:10.1186/1479-5868-6-77

Open Data