Table 5 

Generalized estimating equation coefficients and odds (predictability) of TV and VG for boys, girls, and those classified as overfat (n = 205 boys, 229 girls, 34 overfat) 

Unadjusted 
Adjusted 
Unadjusted 
Adjusted 



Stability Coefficient 
Stability Coefficient 
Odds Ratio 
Odds Ratio 



TV Viewing 

Boys 
0.35 (0.26, 0.44) 
0.35 (0.26, 0.44)^{a} 
3.0 (1.9, 4.8) 
3.2 (2.0, 5.2)^{a} 
Girls 
0.34 (0.26, 0.43) 
0.32 (0.23, 0.40)^{a} 
3.2 (2.1, 4.9) 
2.9 (1.9, 4.6)^{a} 
Overfat^{b} 
0.41 (0.23, 0.59) 
0.45 (0.27, 0.64)^{c} 
3.7 (1.5, 9.0) 
6.2 (2.2, 17.2)^{c} 
Video Gaming 

Boys 
0.15 (0.05, 0.25) 
0.14 (0.05, 0.24)^{a} 
1.9 (1.1, 3.2) 
1.8 (1.1, 3.1)^{a} 
Girls 
0.24 (0.09, 0.39) 
0.24 (0.10, 0.38)^{a} 
3.4 (2.1, 5.8) 
3.5 (2.1, 5.8)^{a} 
Overfat^{b} 
0.37 (0.16, 0.57) 
0.29 (0.08, 0.50)^{c} 
2.7 (0.7, 10.6) 
1.9 (0.6, 6.1)^{c} 


Values are presented as point estimate (95% confidence interval). ^{a }Adjusted for maturity, overfat (age 5 and concurrent), and MVPA (age 5 and concurrent). b Cutpoints for being overfat: Boys ≥ 25% BF, Girls ≥ 32% BF. ^{c }Adjusted for maturity, sex, and MVPA (age 5 and concurrent). Odds of being in upper category at subsequent ages for for children in upper category at age 5, relative to children in lower categories at age 5. The upper category for both boys' and girls' TV was > 3 hours · day^{1.} The upper categories for boys' VG were > 1 hour · day^{1 }at age 5, > 2 hours · day^{1 }at ages 8 and 11, and > 3 hours · day^{1 }at age 13. The upper category for girls' video was > 1 hour · day^{1 }except age 13, where the upper category was > 2 hours · day^{1}. 

Francis et al. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2011 8:100 doi:10.1186/147958688100 