Table 2

Least Square Means* across Time.

Standard Care (n = 50)

GWL (n = 49)

SWA-alone (n = 49)

GWL+SWA (n = 49)

(mean (s.e.))

(mean (s.e.))

(mean (s.e.))

(mean (s.e.))


Weight (kg)‡

BL

102.22 (2.97)

101.84 (2.95)

101.15 (2.95)

100.32 (2.97)

M4

101.23 (3.03)

100.74 (2.99)

98.48 (2.97)

96.83 (2.99)

M9

101.32 (3.05)

99.98 (3.00)

97.60 (2.99)

93.73 (2.99)†

P value

BL vs. M4

0.32

0.23

0.003

<0.0001

BL vs, M9

0.39

0.05

0.0002

<0.0001

Body mass index‡

BL

34.52 (0.91)

34.54 (0.90)

34.73 (0.90)

34.39 (0.91)

M4

34.12 (0.93)

34.21 (0.92)

33.83 (0.91)

33.13 (0.91)

M9

34.16 (0.94)

33.84 (0.92)

33.56 (0.92)

32.11 (0.92)

P value

BL vs. M4

0.25

0.31

0.003

<0.0001

BL vs, M9

0.32

0.03

0.0005

<0.0001

Waist Circumference (cm)‡

BL

106.26 (2.19)

108.29 (2.18)

105.91 (2.18)

106.04 (2.19)

M4

104.69 (2.26)

107.10 (2.23)

102.99 (2.21)

102.12 (2.21)

M9

102.77 (2.28)

105.87 (2.24)

102.32 (2.23)

99.27 (2.22)

P value

BL vs. M4

0.09

0.17

0.0005

<0.0001

BL vs, M9

0.0004

0.008

<0.0001

<0.0001

% Body Fat

Baseline

36.37 (0.76)

36.69 (0.75)

36.57 (0.75)

36.46 (0.75)

Month 4

34.40 (0.87)

33.19 (0.83)

33.17 (0.81)

32.93 (0.79)

Month 9

33.12 (0.92)

32.37 (0.86)

32.38 (0.85)

31.42 (0.81)

P value

BL vs. M4

0.0002

<0.0001

<0.0001

<0.0001

BL vs, M9

0.0001

<0.0001

<0.0001

<0.0001


BL, baseline; M4, month 4; M9, month 9; s.e., standard error.

*Estimates adjusted for age, gender, race, education, energy expenditure, and recruitment wave.

†Significantly different from Standard Care.

‡Significant group*time interaction (all P ≤ 0.01)

Shuger et al. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2011 8:41   doi:10.1186/1479-5868-8-41

Open Data